Recommendation 1476 (2000)
The United Nations at the turn of
the new century
(Extract from the OffICE database
of the Council of Europe - September 2000)
The Assembly recalls its Recommendations 1367 (1998) on reform of the
United Nations and 1411 (1999) on relations with the United Nations aiming at
promoting the United Nations reform process and stepping up co-operation
between this organisation.
It regrets that the reform of the Security Council has so far failed. It fears
that the United Nations will not be able to enjoy the legitimacy it merits
without adapting the Security Council to today?s world and challenges,
including economic, social and environmental dimensions of security, and
without making the Security Council more effective and transparent.
It fully supports the efforts made by all states within the framework of the
United Nations, including during the Millennium Assembly, to adapt the
Security Council to new world realities and challenges, to upgrade its
functioning capacity and to further strengthen the central role of the United
Nations in maintaining international peace and security as well as in
establishing the rule of law in the world of the twenty-first century based on
the strict and unconditional implementation by states of the provisions of the
United Nations Charter.
It encourages further improvement in the relationship with civil society as
well as in making the United Nations a more modern and flexible organisation
through structural reform.
At the beginning of the twenty-first century, the role of the United Nations
in the world security system needs to be more clearly defined. Since the
Assembly?s last recommendation events in Kosovo, East Timor and Africa have
prompted a debate of world-wide importance on the role of the Organisation
and, especially, on the right of a regional organisation to take military
action in the absence of a mandate of the United Nations Security Council.
The Assembly fully supports the Secretary General of the United Nations in his
efforts to reconsider how the organisation should respond to crises and which
means should be employed in cases of massive and systematic violations of
human rights with grave humanitarian consequences. The Assembly understands
the difficult balance between legal, political and moral factors and the
collision between national sovereignty and the rights of individuals.
Humanitarian intervention should be based on the legitimate and universal
principles set out by the United Nations.
also gives its full backing to the initiatives taken by the Secretary General
of the United Nations to enhance the organisation?s capacity for preventive
diplomacy. It strongly encourages the United Nations to develop a strategy of
The Council of
Europe can substantially contribute to the prevention of conflicts. Its legal
framework for protection of human rights and its mechanism for monitoring the
obligations and commitments stemming from membership of the Organisation, as
well as its activities in the field of building democratic security,
confidence-building measures, child protection, social cohesion, protection of
national minorities and the fight against racism, demonstrate its expertise in
The decision of
the Committee of Ministers, to seek the inclusion on the agenda of the General
Assembly of the United Nations of an item on co-operation between the United
Nations and the Council of Europe, is very welcome. Such debate could allow
the two organisations to step up co-operation while making better use of
available resources and avoiding duplication.
Recommendation 1367 (1998), the Assembly considers it important that
the Council of Europe participate fully in the work of the United Nations not
only as an observer, but as a regional organisation as defined in Chapter VIII
of the United Nations Charter.
regrets that the United Nations? normal functioning has been hampered by the
lack of financial resources. It finds it unacceptable that certain Council of
Europe member states have failed to respect their financial obligations to the
welcomes the Declaration of the Conference of Presiding Officers of
Parliament, which was organised by the Inter-Parliamentary Union in co-operation
with the United Nations on 30 August and 1 September 2000 in New
The Assembly encourages the United Nations to start developing, in
close co-operation with the Inter-Parliamentary Union, a parliamentary
dimension of the organisation with competencies similar to that of the
Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. Such a body could contribute
to finding new solutions where government policies have reached a deadlock.
The Assembly calls on the
parliaments of Council of Europe member states to debate annually the
activities of the United Nations with a view to producing policy guidelines
for their governments based on reports of parliamentarians participating in
their national delegations to the General Assembly of the United Nations.
invites the Committee of Ministers to call on the governments of the Council
of Europe member and observer states to:
reaffirm their commitment to the United Nations as the source of legitimacy of
international military interventions and peace-keeping operations;
ensure that the United Nations is given the necessary resources to
carry out its mandate;
pay their dues
regularly and unconditionally and, where appropriate, their arrears in order
to ensure the proper functioning of the organisation;
proposals of the Secretary General of the United Nations for renewing the role
of the organisation as contained in his Millennium report, and in particular
supporting reform of the United Nations Security Council in order to make
it more effective in cases of conflicts and more representative of the
moving from a culture of reaction to a culture of prevention with a
view to elaborating a real strategy of conflict prevention;
strengthening the United Nations? capacity to conduct peace
operations in order to forge lasting peace and avoid the return of violence;
ensuring that budgetary cuts will not affect the organisation?s
capabilities, in particular with respect to peace-keeping operations, and that
savings will be channelled into economic and social programmes for the
developing a parliamentary dimension in the work of the United Nations,
including representatives of parliaments in their national delegations
to the General Assembly;
informing their national parliaments of the activities of the United
Nations through annual debates;
organising, in co-operation with the Inter-Parliamentary Union, meetings
ratify as soon
as possible the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court and act
according to Assembly Recommendation 1408 (1999);
actively contribute to the follow-up of the Millennium events.
recommends that the Committee of Ministers introduce a procedure of
identifying, on a regular basis, questions of common interest debated in the
United Nations in order to take a stand on them and co-ordinate initiatives
taken by Council of Europe member states.
debate on 27 September 2000
(see Doc. 8822, report of the Political Affairs Committee,
rapporteur: Mrs Severinsen).
Text adopted by the Assembly on 27 September
2000 (28th Sitting).