RESOLUTION 1059 (1995)1 on the humanitarian
situation of the refugees and displaced persons in Armenia and Azerbaijan
1.The Assembly deplores that the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, which broke out in 1988,
has resulted in untold human suffering, leaving thousands dead, tens of thousands wounded
and more than one million refugees and displaced persons in Armenia and Azerbaijan.
2.The last figure includes hundreds of thousands who were compelled to leave their
homes following threats, reports of atrocities committed, or orders issued by the Soviet
authorities before 1991.
3.Following the independence of Armenia and Azerbaijan in 1991, their economies have
seriously deteriorated. The situation is aggravated by the effects of the conflict and of
the economic blockades by neighbouring countries.
4.As a result, the populations of both countries have experienced a serious decrease in
living standards, and are facing increasing hardships, including rising unemployment and
severe shortages of water, fuel and energy. The United Nations estimates that over one
million people in both countries are now living below poverty level.
5.The refugees in particular, and especially those living in inadequate tents in
Azerbaijan, are facing extreme hardships through a lack of basic warmth, food and medical
6.United Nations programmes have been established in both countries since December
1992. However, their funding is far from adequate to meet the needs of the situation.
7.In addition, United Nations agencies are advising and assisting both governments on
the transition to market economies, decentralisation, and the provision of databases for
health and education programmes. However, these services, currently conducted from
separate headquarters in the countries concerned, including Georgia, are hampered by
certain obstacles to co-operation, and their provision may not represent the most
efficient deployment of expertise, management, and resources over the long term.
8.The Assembly recalls its Recommendation 1251 (1994) welcoming the ceasefire which
came into force on 12 May 1994, calling on all sides to refrain from any hostile act which
might prejudice it, and offering to help promote a peace agreement to the best of its
abilities, particularly by encouraging dialogue between the parliamentarians from the
9.The Assembly reiterates its calls on the warring parties to organise the earliest
possible return home of those refugees who wish to do so, with compensation for those who
wish to resettle elsewhere; to respect minority rights; and for an immediate end to the
blockades of all means of transport and communication between them and those imposed by
Russia and Turkey.
10.The Assembly urges:
i.the Armenian, Azeri, and Georgian Governments to co-operate to the fullest extent
with United Nations agencies and non-governmental organisations in the provision of
emergency relief and longer term programmes for health, education, rehabilitation, and
ii.the Georgian Government to accept the return and resettlement of the Meskhetian
Turks, with United Nations assistance, and calls on the United Nations to give special
emphasis to the situation of this particularly vulnerable group;
iii.the European Union, through its Humanitarian Office, to step up its aid to the
vulnerable populations of the southern Caucasus.
11.Finally, the Assembly calls for greater international efforts to help re-establish
peace and to improve the humanitarian situation in the Caucasus, and, to this end,
encourages the governments and parliaments of member states to offer their assistance,
expertise and co-operation to the region as it emerges from seventy years of isolation.
1. Text adopted by the Standing Committee, acting on behalf of the
Assembly, on 15 March 1995.
See Doc. 7250, report of the Committee on Migration, Refugees and Demography,
rapporteur: Mr Atkinson; and Doc. 7266, opinion of the Committee on Relations with
European Non-Member Countries, rapporteur: Mr Jeszenszky.