Monday, 24 January 2000 at 3.00 p.m.
PLEASE NOTE THAT THIS IS A PROVISIONAL
VERSION OF THE REPORT OF THE DEBATE OF 24 SEPTEMBER 1999 AT 10 A.M WHICH MAY STILL
BE CORRECTED BY THE SPEAKERS
In this report:
1. Speeches in English are reported in full.
2. Speeches in other languages are summarised.
3. Speeches in German and Italian are reproduced in full in
a separate document.
Corrections should be handed in at Room 1059A not later
than 24 hours after the report has been circulated.
Monday 24 January 2000 at 3 p.m.
Elections in Georgia
The following text was submitted for inclusion in the official report by a member who
was present in the Chamber but was prevented by lack of time from delivering it.
Ms PATARKALISHVILI (Georgia). Distinguished members of the
European Parliament, I have the great honour of representing the political block Revival
of Georgia which, at the last parliamentary elections in Georgia, was considered as the
only political rival to the Governmental party. This was caused by the fact that the
population of the country expressed great confidence in, and support of, this
right-centrist political block and its leader Aslan Abashidze. On the other hand, the
internal political problems and extremely hard social and economical conditions noticeably
decreased the authority of the Citizens' Union in Georgia.
I want to mention that, despite the results of the elections held by
the leading party, the block Revival of Georgia is still considered as the political power
with real support from the majority of the population and it gives us a great
responsibility in front of our country, our people and our future.
Because of the above-mentioned reasons, the block Revival of Georgia
considers it important to present the objective reality about elections.
To avoid the danger of the coming parliamentary elections being totally
false, the leaders of our political alliance, together with different Governmental and
non-Governmental international organisations, appealed in July 1999 to the European
Parliament as a high authority to support the conduct of free elections in Georgia and to
prevent the Government side putting up serious barriers against pressure, leading to
illegal and false results.
We do not want to bore you by enumerating objective reasons, which
caused a lot of people's confidence and the hope of victory to disappear in democratically
held elections. But the great desire of the ruling Citizens Union to keep their own chairs
and to gain economic privileges made them practise all kind of infringements so as to put
pressure on electors' expressing their will freely during both the pre-election campaign
and at the moment of voting. This fact was evidently proved by changes in the Election Law
by the Parliamental majority of Citizens' Union a few weeks before elections, according to
which the central regional and district chairmen of electoral commissions and the great
number of members would be appointed by ruling party. They were making uncovered
aggression towards opposition parties, raiding their offices, pursuing their members and
treating their supporters by physical punishment.
The principles of the Parliamentary Election Act were violated by the
Central Electoral Commission, together with ruling authorities and local ruling organs, in
pre-election meeting authorisation.
The law on the financing of election commissions and the principle of
pre-election agitation, as well as the composition of election committees and allocation
of time and space in the media were also violated.
It is also important to stress that the law-enforcement bodies often
violated human rights. The main principle of the Georgian Constitution was violated by the
President of Georgia actively participating in pre-electoral campaign.
Anti-democratically designed local organs appointed illegal governors
and commanders, and the full mobilisation of all armed forces, in particular by the
Ministry of the Interior Affairs, led to the very high presence of soldiers, and that
created quite a heavy pressing atmosphere on the Georgian electors.
The materials in our possession clearly reflect the disturbed picture
of the pre-election campaign and electoral process of democracy, and the pressure put on
the people's will.
The fact that the leading party usually establishes new conflicts and
tensions before every election in Georgia (even now) as they did before the 31 October
voting, gave alternative results: Citizens' Union was not elected from the Georgian
The Central Electoral Committee completed by the governing party
completely falsified the final results of the Parliamentary elections in Georgia held on
31 October 1999 when the final results were announced only after 10 days the election, the
amount of electors was enhanced by 30% in comparison with the indicated number 2 days
after election. The representatives of opposition parties in the Central Election
Committee did not have access to the documentation of the Committee!
For these "merits", the Chairman of the committee was
decorated with the highest governmental medal.
It is important to note that all the above-mentioned violations took
place in the presence of international observers and that they are highly underlined in
the report of different committees and missions but, unfortunately, they have had no
adequate reaction, yet, from democratic forces in the world, in particular from European
ones. It is really very important because hopelessness among the Georgians may seriously
prevent their aspiration towards the Western democracy and well-known values of mankind.
It is very important to do it in time because the campaign for the presidential election
is on course. Repeating the same infringements during forthcoming election could provoke
very dangerous social tensions.
Revival of Georgia is not the party of political declarations and
popular slogans; it is the political organisation making democratic changes and having
solid experience and practical results in economic development, which gives excellent
possibilities for active adoption and defending of European values in Georgia.
Distinguished colleagues, please consider the Revival of Georgia block
as your true partners in the long and difficult process of rebuilding democracy in
Georgia, and believe that the grateful people of our country will never forget your