digital divide and education
1. Digitalisation introduces a new risk of dividing those who can afford access
for the purposes of education and research from those who cannot. The
Parliamentary Assembly believes in ensuring fair access to digital material
for educational and other socially necessary purposes.
2. In the age of printing, society developed a balance between the need to
reward intellectual property owners for the use of their works, and the need
for society to make some of these works available to a larger public.
3. In the digital age, this balance has to be re-established and legislation
adopted, both nationally and internationally, to take account of the
4. Access to information is essential for education and research. It is also a
basic requisite for democracy, as this relies on the participation of
informed and enlightened citizens.
5. Copyright questions related to digital material available on the Internet
are being addressed by the European Union. Unesco, together with the
International Telecommunication Union, is preparing two world conferences
(to take place in 2003 and 2005) to develop an international convention on
the conditions for public access to material on the Internet.
6. The Council of Europe has itself begun to address these questions, notably
the Assembly in Recommendation 1332
(1997) on the scientific and technical aspects of the new information and
communications technologies and Resolution 1191
(1999) on the information society
and a digital world, and the Committee of Ministers in its Declaration of
May 1999 on a European policy for new information technologies.
7. The Assembly recommends that the Committee of Ministers:
i. join forces with other international bodies that are currently considering
access to digital material on the Internet in order to establish the
public service principle in the digital environment and in particular to
develop norms for the use of such material for educational and other
socially necessary purposes;
ii. give particular consideration in drawing up such norms to:
providing citizens with a certain amount of basic information as a public
limiting access only for reasons of
privacy, confidentiality, security and
providing public access points staffed by trained personnel;
developing special tools to help access for the disabled in concrete
harmonising, clarifying and making user-friendly national and
international copyright legislation applying to digital material;
encouraging the production of culturally and pedagogically suitable
facilitating quality appreciation of digital information;
ensure that these norms are properly and equally applied in member states.
. Text adopted by the Standing Committee, acting on behalf of the
Assembly, on 18 November 2002 (see Doc. 9616,
report of the Committee on Culture, Science and Education, rapporteur: Mrs