Recommendation 1682 (2004)1
Education for Europe
1. The Council of Europe has been
working for more than fifty years to bring the countries of Europe together
around fundamental values, principles and rights. Education, which is essential
for forming full citizens in democratic societies, has a central place
in its work.
2. With recent changes, Europe is
no longer divided between East and West. Nor is it limited to the countries
of the European Union. This notion of a Europe without dividing lines in
which each country has its place, regardless of the institutions or organisations
to which it may or may not belong, needs to be defended. The Council of
Europe needs to reaffirm its dynamic pan-European mission and its identity
in the global context.
3. Young people are European citizens.
It is therefore essential to explain Europe to them so that they feel concerned
and are able to play a part. As part of their education, they should be
given not only information about European institutions but also the means
of understanding what Europe stands for and taking an interest in it. To
this end, they need to know how Europe came about and was built and about
the work it has done if they are to understand the changes it has brought
about at their own level.
4. The generic values of the Council
of Europe, and in particular respect for human rights, political pluralism
and the rule of law, have to be transmitted to the younger generation.
5. The wealth of Europe resides in
its great cultural, religious and other diversity. Europeans therefore
need to be brought to value all its benefits, learn to know and understand
one another and realise that, aside from all the differences, they have
many things in common. The emergence of a European awareness needs to be
fostered among young people.
6. The Parliamentary Assembly therefore
recommends that the Committee of Ministers call on governments and the
appropriate authorities of member states to take initiatives to promote
education for Europe:
i. by adapting the educational
curricula in order to add a European dimension to subjects already taught
in primary, secondary and higher education establishments;
ii. by introducing the European
dimension and European values in teacher training, including teacher-training
and teacher exchange programmes;
iii. by informing the Council of
Europe of the action taken in this field at national level so that a
guide to good practices on the subject can be produced and disseminated;
iv. by involving the various institutions
of civil society, that is, not only schools but also associations and
municipalities, so that every opportunity can be taken to discuss Europe
in all its diversity;
v. by fostering use of the countless
fresh possibilities afforded by the new information and communication
technologies, such as establishing correspondence between schools or,
more directly, between pupils in different European countries, undertaking
research on other European countries and following current affairs in
7. The Assembly recommends that the
Committee of Ministers:
i. recognise education as a major
leverage in the European process and give support to education for Europe
as a priority goal of European co-operation;
ii. invite heads of state and government
at the 3rd Council of Europe Summit in 2005 to establish the development
of policies to promote Europe through education as a major element in
the future work programme of the Council of Europe following the designation
of 2005 as European Year of Citizenship through Education.
8. It further recommends that the
Committee of Ministers:
i. draft a European framework convention
on education for democratic citizenship and human rights;
ii. institute programmes for the
training of teachers in education for Europe.
debate on 8 October 2004 (32nd Sitting) (see Doc.
10203, report of the Committee on Culture, Science and Education,
rapporteur: Mr Prisacaru).
Text adopted by the Assembly on 8 October 2004 (32nd Sitting).