N.B. The names of those present at the meeting are printed in italics


1 Situation of lesbians and gays in sports in member states – motion for recommendation Doc. 9357. 4 February 2002.

2 Ibid

3 26 September 2000: The Assembly adopted Recommendation 1474 (2000) on the situation of lesbians and gays in Council of Europe member states. Amongst other recommendations the member states are called upon to take positive measures to combat homophobic attitudes, including in sports (paragraph 11)

4 Secretary General of the Council of Europe, Mr Walter Schwimmer, on the occasion of the informal 9th conference of European Ministers responsible for sport. Bratislava, 30 May 2000.

5 GISAH & NCS Research 1996

6 Letter from Brian Mikkelsen, Danish Minister for Culture, to Tony Banks MP, 25 June 2003.

7 ““Offside” – The European document on discrimination of gays and lesbians in sport”1999. (preface)

8 “Building Bridges” Report from the Round Table conference 5-6 March 1999, Madurodam Conference Centre, The Hague, the Netherlands (p6)

9 ““Offside” – The European document on discrimination of gays and lesbians in sport”1999. (p 5)

10 ““Offside” – The European document on discrimination of gays and lesbians in sport”1999. (p 5)

11 Ibid

12 “Targeting Discrimination in Football” leaflet produced by “Football Against Racism in Europe” 2003

13 MORI poll “Profiles of Prejudice” commissioned by Stonewall’s Citizenship 21 project, UK. 2003

14 Buendnis Aktiver Fussballfans (BAFF) 7-point anti-homophobia charter, 2002.

15 Ibid

16 FA Handbook “Rules of Association” p22

17 “Sweet FA?” article published in reFRESH Magazine (UK), September issue

18 FA Memorandum of Procedures “For Dealing with misconduct occurring before, during or after matches and committed by players of clubs dealt with by country and other affiliated associations but not by the Football Association” p5

19 FA’s Lucy Faulkner quoted in : “Sweet FA?” article published in reFRESH Magazine (UK), September

20 Jim Atkinson, former Senior Development Manager at Sport England, quoted in: “Sweet FA?” article published in reFRESH Magazine (UK), September

21 “Sweet FA?” article published in reFRESH Magazine (UK), September

22 Athena-Sport Spectrum, Metropolitan Police, November 2001 p 4

23 Athena-Sport Spectrum, Metropolitan Police, November 2001 p 22

24 Ibid

25 EGLSF article in “Targetting Discrimination in Football” leaflet produced by “Football Against Racism in Europe” 2003

26 Brian Clough autobiography

27 “Is it Time to be open” newspaper article by former footballer in UK Tony Cascarino (need to source paper and date)

28 “Le Saux: Fowler row will not affect my game” Barclaycard Premiership News on the internet (27 March 1999)

29 Hekma 1994

30 Ibid

31 Case study taken from “Offside”. The European document on discrimination of gays and lesbians in sport” 1999. P6

32 Expert paper “Don’t ask, don’t tell” by Ben Baks

33 ibid

34 The Constitution of the International Tennis Federation Ltd. 2003, p39

35 E-mail from Nicola Arzani, ATP Director of Communications Europe, to Tony Banks, 20 August 2003

36 Goran Ivanisevic, post match press conference after winning Wimbledon 2001

37 Martina Navratilova interview. 'The Sunday Times', 1996.

38 Festle, MJ : Playing Nice: Politics and apologies in Women’s Sports. New York 1996, 239

39 Adam Sweeting, The Guardian critic speaking in a BBC tribute to Martina Navratilova after her retirement in 1994

40 the Netherlands: (I) KNVB-afdeling west en ABD-NHN-project 2000 and (II) the Diopter pilot GISAH-NCS-NOC*NSF project 2000, Germany: Tatort Fußball, Germany-BAFF-project.

41 EGLSF statistic survey 1999: many gay and lesbian volleyball players and swimmers in Germany and the Netherlands affiliate with the regular national or regional sport association.