Application of the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages

Communication

by the Secretary General of the Council of Europe

Biennial report by the Secretary General to the Parliamentary Assembly

«(…) to give special attention to measures to assist those language communities whose number of native speakers is in decline from generation to generation, in line with the principles of the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages»7.

«Experience proves that the extent to which a minority language is protected or promoted is linked to how it is received or perceived by majority language speakers. Indeed, regional or minority language protection or promotion is, in many respects, a reflection of the majority approach and perception. As a result, awareness-raising with the majority is of the utmost importance»8.

European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages
CETS No.: 148

Treaty open for signature by the member States and for accession by non-member States

Opening for signature

Entry into force

Place: Strasbourg
Date : 5/11/1992

Conditions: 5 Ratifications.
Date : 1/3/1998

States

Signature

Ratification

Entry into force

Notes

R.

D.

A.

T.

C.

O.

Albania

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Andorra

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Armenia

11/5/2001

25/1/2002

1/5/2002

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

Austria

5/11/1992

28/6/2001

1/10/2001

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

Azerbaijan

21/12/2001

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

Belgium

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bosnia and Herzegovina

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Croatia

5/11/1997

5/11/1997

1/3/1998

 

X

X

 

 

 

 

Cyprus

12/11/1992

26/8/2002

1/12/2002

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

Czech Republic

9/11/2000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denmark

5/11/1992

8/9/2000

1/1/2001

 

 

X

 

 

X

 

Estonia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finland

5/11/1992

9/11/1994

1/3/1998

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

France

7/5/1999

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

Georgia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

5/11/1992

16/9/1998

1/1/1999

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

Greece

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hungary

5/11/1992

26/4/1995

1/3/1998

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

Iceland

7/5/1999

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ireland

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

27/6/2000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Latvia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liechtenstein

5/11/1992

18/11/1997

1/3/1998

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

Lithuania

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Luxembourg

5/11/1992

22/6/2005

1/10/2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Malta

5/11/1992

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Moldova

11/7/2002

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Monaco

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Netherlands

5/11/1992

2/5/1996

1/3/1998

 

 

X

 

X

 

 

Norway

5/11/1992

10/11/1993

1/3/1998

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

Poland

12/5/2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Portugal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Romania

17/7/1995

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Russia

10/5/2001

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

San Marino

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Serbia and Montenegro

22/3/2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slovakia

20/2/2001

5/9/2001

1/1/2002

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

Slovenia

3/7/1997

4/10/2000

1/1/2001

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

Spain

5/11/1992

9/4/2001

1/8/2001

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

Sweden

9/2/2000

9/2/2000

1/6/2000

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

Switzerland

8/10/1993

23/12/1997

1/4/1998

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

25/7/1996

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Turkey

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ukraine

2/5/1996

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

2/3/2000

27/3/2001

1/7/2001

 

 

X

 

X

 

 

States

Signature

Ratification

Entry into force

Notes

R.

D.

A.

T.

C.

O.

Total number of signatures not followed by ratifications:

13

Total number of ratifications/accessions:

18

Member State

Assembly Opinion

Deadline for signing and ratifying the Charter

Date of signature

Date of ratification

Albania

189(1995)

     

Armenia

221(2000)

25/1/2002

11/5/2001

25/1/2002

Azerbaijan

222(2000)

25/01/2002

21/12/2001

 

Bosnia and Herzegovina

234(2002)

24/04/2004

   

Georgia

209(1999)

27/04/2000

   

Moldova

188(1995)

13/07/1996

11/07/2002

 

Russian Federation

193(1996)

28/02/1998

10/05/2001

 

Serbia and Montenegro

239 (2002)

03/04/2005

22/03/2005

 

"The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia"

191 (1995)

09/11/1996

25/07/1996

 

Ukraine

190(1995)

09/11/1996

02/05/1996

 

The Committee of Ministers,


1 For an explanation of the monitoring mechanism see the previous report to the Assembly: Doc. 9540 of 11 September 2002, pp. 2-3.

2 At : http://www.coe.int/minlang

3 Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia", Ukraine and the United Kingdom.

4 Armenia, Austria, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

5 See the table at Appendix II.

6 See Doc. 9540, p. 2.

7 Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions (Promoting Language Learning and Linguistic Diversity : An Action Plan 2004-2006), COM (2003) 449, p. 12.

8 See the first evaluation report of the Committee of Experts on the implementation of the Charter by Slovenia, ECRML (2004) 3, para. 76.