While acknowledging the trauma caused by the failed coup attempt
of 15 July 2016 and multiple ongoing terrorist threats, the Monitoring
Committee is concerned about the implementation of the state of
emergency, the large-scale and disproportionate effect of the decree
laws – including the massive dismissal of civil servants, judges,
prosecutors and academics and the closing down of media and NGOs
– as well as limited access to judicial remedies.
The Monitoring Committee is also worried about the detention
of parliamentarians and journalists, repeated violations of the
freedom of expression and of the media and the situation in south-east
Turkey, leading to a serious deterioration of the functioning of
democratic institutions. The committee has moreover expressed concern
about the constitutional amendments (in particular respect for the
separation of powers, checks and balances and independence of the
judiciary) to secure a presidential system and the conditions of
the organisation of the referendum of 16 April 2017.
In the light of these developments, the Monitoring Committee
urges Turkey to take urgent measures (including the lifting of the
state of emergency and the release of MPs and journalists) and proposes
that the Parliamentary Assembly reopen the monitoring procedure
so as to intensify its co-operation with the Turkish authorities
and all forces in the country.