Islamic fundamentalism is a source of inspiration for terrorist
and other violent attacks that have hit Europe and the world in
the last decades. No confusion should be made between Islam as a
religious faith and Islamic fundamentalism as an ideology that promotes
a model of society which is not compatible with human rights values
and standards of democracy: there is no clash of civilisations between
Islam and the West but a clash between the ideology of Islamic fundamentalism
and the ideology of democracy and human rights, which is the cradle
of European states.
European Muslim communities and Council of Europe member states
should work hand in hand to reduce the potential attraction that
Islamic fundamentalism undeniably exerts on European Muslims. A
series of concrete measures should be taken to prevent discrimination,
condemn and combat Islamophobia, stamp out hate speech and ensure
compliance with human rights and the rule of law in the enforcement
of anti-terrorist measures while avoiding all adverse consequences
for ordinary Muslims who profess their religion in a peaceful manner.
At the same time, European Muslim organisations, leaders and opinion
makers should condemn unequivocally terrorism and extremism and
encourage Muslims to fully participate in society while accepting
the secular character of the society and the institutions of the
country where they live.