The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) is a
political initiative launched by African leaders in 2001 to promote
peace, security, democracy and good governance while advancing the
African Union’s socio-economic development objectives in line with
the Millennium Developments Goals set by the United Nations in 2000
for achievement by 2015. However, unaccountable governments, waste
of resources and corruption have too often hampered sustainable
economic growth and equitable social development in Africa. Therefore NEPAD’s
founders acknowledged that good and responsible governance is key
to overcoming the obstacles to Africa’s development. Hence the importance
of the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), an African-led monitoring
process that aims to improve governance in participating countries.
There is widespread consensus that the successful implementation
of NEPAD, the APRM and the objectives of good governance in general
cannot be achieved without the parliamentary system and the role
of parliament itself being strengthened and supported. However,
it is also widely acknowledged that parliaments, both in Africa
and Europe, are not sufficiently involved in the NEPAD process and
often not even sufficiently informed about it.
The committee therefore gives its support to efforts to strengthen
the role of parliaments in monitoring NEPAD and its implementation.
The committee calls on the parliaments of Europe and Africa to step
up their scrutiny of development policies, processes and mechanisms
with a view to ensuring coherence and good governance and, in particular,
to strengthen their oversight of Overseas Development Assistance
so as to ensure that it is properly spent in accordance with government
policy. The committee also considers that there should be more intercontinental
parliament-to-parliament dialogue and co-operation on development
assistance and good governance. In this context, the committee recalls
the Assembly’s agreement concluded in 2005 with the Pan-African
Parliament and considers that steps should be taken to implement
it more actively.