The Allies (the United States, the United Kingdom, France
and the former Soviet Union) inherited chemical munitions that were
not used by Germany during the Second World War. At the Potsdam
Conference the Allies decided to transport the chemical munitions
to the Atlantic Ocean and dump them in deep sites but, in fact, they
were dumped in the North Sea and the Baltic Sea.
It was decided that the information on the munitions and on
the dumping sites would not be published for fifty years. Unfortunately,
in 1997, the United Kingdom and the United States decided to extend
the status of classified information for a further twenty years
and it is therefore extremely difficult to determine the current condition
of these chemical munitions and the risks that they pose to the
The plan to construct a gas pipeline on the seabed of the
Baltic Sea, linking the Russian Federation and Germany, may pose
new dangers with grave consequences for the environment, particularly
given that no detailed study has been carried out on the dumping
sites of chemical munitions and the possible consequences of the
construction of this gas pipeline.
The Parliamentary Assembly appeals for a global solution to
the problem of dumped chemical munitions on the Baltic seabed and
urges the United Kingdom and United States governments and NATO
to immediately declassify military information on the location of
all chemical munitions dumping sites present in the Baltic Sea.