Although water is essential to life, there are currently 3
billion people in the world who do not have access to drinking water.
The Parliamentary Assembly notes that climate change, the
over-exploitation of water resources, deforestation and extremely
rapid urbanisation are factors which not only result in a drop in
resources but also in the pollution of rivers and groundwater.
The Assembly also firmly believes that the lack of water will
cause tension and conflicts and points out that civilisations and
societies have always developed in places where there is water and
Consequently, the Assembly recommends, among other things,
that legislation should be drawn up on the right to water and sanitation,
that the opportunities provided by water as a source of thermal
energy be exploited, that transregional and transboundary water
co-operation be promoted and that a culture of water awareness and
water education be introduced.
The Assembly also wishes to continue considering the role
played by water in conflicts.