It is unacceptable that, over sixty years after the right
to equal pay was first proclaimed, this right remains so widely
and systematically violated – without even receiving much attention.
The wage gap between women and men needs to be eliminated as a priority,
not just in the public but also in the private sector.
The Parliamentary Assembly should therefore recommend that
member states ensure that the right to equal pay for work of equal
value is enshrined in their domestic legislation (if they have not
already done so), that employers are obliged to respect this right
(and incur penalties if they do not), and that employees have recourse
to the judicial process to pursue their claims with regard to this
right, without incurring risks to their employment.
Member states should promote fair job classification and remuneration
systems, including in the private sector. They should also be encouraged
to copy the Norwegian model and the recent French initiative of
requiring a minimum of 40% female members on certain companies’
boards, as an enabling factor to reduce the gender wage gap.
The Assembly should recommend that the Committee of Ministers
reinforce its efforts to guarantee that the right to equal pay for
work of equal value is respected in all member states, and instruct
its competent committee to initiate a comparative survey of the
causes of pay differences in part-time and full-time work, and to
send the results of this survey to the Assembly.