Forests play a fundamental role in regulating the Earth’s
climate and safeguarding the environment in general by preventing
soil erosion and floods and decreasing wind speed, thereby helping
to reduce desertification. Given that the majority of the species
living on our planet live in forests, they also make an important contribution
to preserving global biodiversity.
Nevertheless, despite the fact that European reforestation
policies have produced positive results, there is little biodiversity
in most of these forests. The world situation is much more alarming
as there has been a significant decrease in the surface area covered
by forests, particularly in developing countries, as a result of
illegal logging operations.
The Assembly therefore proposes that more effective monitoring
mechanisms be established to curb deforestation and that international
agreements be drawn up, particularly for countries with substantial
financial resources. It also proposes that sustainable forest management
techniques be developed and that education and awareness-raising
campaigns be conducted with a view to preventing forest fires.