In recent years, piracy has reached unprecedented importance
and has become nearly endemic in some stretches of sea, seriously
threatening the security of commercial shipping and the safety of
crews and passengers.
Even if military deterrence has managed to reduce the ratio
of successful attacks off the coast of Somalia, the main worldwide
hotspot, it cannot provide a long-term solution as the root causes
of piracy are ashore. A comprehensive approach is needed to address
instability, lack of governance and poverty in Somalia and other countries
which generate piracy, as well as to ensure effective prosecution
of pirate suspects, in compliance with human rights standards.