Iran has been developing a nuclear programme which raises
serious concerns among the international community as to its real
purpose. Many believe that Iran aims to acquire the capacity to
make nuclear weapons. A nuclear Iran would be a nightmare for the
whole international community.
The Parliamentary Assembly previously adopted two resolutions
dealing with the Iranian nuclear programme: Resolution 1436 (2005) and Resolution 1567 (2007).
The key elements contained in those resolutions are still valid
today. This information report discusses the latest developments
related to the issue, analyses policy options available, and reflects
on what could be done at parliamentary level to engage in a dialogue
on this and other issues based on Resolution 1567 (2007).
So far, the joint efforts of the international community to
oblige Iran, through political and diplomatic means, to comply with
the requirements of the United Nations Security Council resolutions
have not brought about results. The strategy pursued until now,
with priority given to coercive action, may need to be rethought,
giving more emphasis to confidence building. One of the main and
most urgent tasks for the international community is to ensure that
Iran’s co-operation with the International Atomic Energy Agency
is completely restored, and that the Agency is able to fully carry
out its tasks in that country.