Despite progress on the path to gender equality, a traditional
division of roles between women and men is still widespread. Men
enjoy a privileged position on the labour market, while women find
themselves with a large share of the household responsibilities.
Reconciliation of personal life represents a challenge both
for women and men. A legislative framework and appropriate policies
are needed to achieve equality between spouses but also to facilitate
women's access to the world of work. In addition, this would contribute
to the fight against poverty and social exclusion.
Beyond the action of public authorities, a profound change
of mentality is needed. Indeed, the organisation of work should
allow all those who so wish to engage in paid activity and be able
to reconcile their work with their personal lives. Moreover, the
principle of shared responsibility, which means that women and men
go beyond the traditional division of roles and share responsibilities
in the home, should be the benchmark for the development and implementation
of effective reconciliation policies.