The Committee on Political Affairs and Democracy reiterates
its support for the “two States for two peoples” solution to the
Israeli-Palestinian conflict, based on the 1967 borders, with limited
and mutually agreed land swaps. Regretting the lack of progress
in the peace process since 2010, the committee welcomes the newly intensified
efforts of the American administration for a rapid resumption of
the negotiations with a view to a long-lasting and just solution.
Pending such a permanent settlement, interim arrangements could
In parallel to status issues, those of standards should also
be addressed so that, ultimately, whether in territories under Israeli
or Palestinian control, all people, Arabs and Jews, Israeli and
Palestinian citizens, can equally enjoy respect for human rights,
democracy and the rule of law. Therefore, the committee proposes
that the requirement of “two States for two peoples” be further
qualified as a requirement for “two democratic and pluralist States”.
It calls on the Israeli authorities and on all Palestinian forces
– including Hamas – to take the appropriate measures to reach this
Finally the committee proposes that the Assembly continue
to promote dialogue and confidence building between representatives
of the Knesset and of the Palestinian National Council, in particular
in the framework of its Sub-Committee on the Middle East, and pursue
efforts to establish relations with other parliaments in the region,
notably in Egypt and Jordan, in particular in the light of the prospects
for co-operation offered by the partner for democracy status.