There are currently some 2.5 million internally displaced
persons (IDPs) and refugees in Europe, mostly living in temporary
shelter and in conditions that are incompatible with human dignity
and the values advocated by the Council of Europe, despite the initiatives
taken, including by the Council of Europe Development Bank.
Furthermore, these collective centres present serious public
health and safety risks for the people living there.
The situation of vulnerable groups and specifically of elderly
people, people with disabilities, women and children is particularly
difficult. The women often fall victim to sexual and domestic violence
while the children do not always have access to education or health
Member States should take stock of the situation and the number
of IDPs and refugees in collective centres and, as far as possible,
identify alternative solutions and make it easier for the occupants
of such centres to acquire their own housing.