Media ownership transparency is necessary to enable members
of the public to form an opinion on the value of the information,
ideas and opinions disseminated by the media. However, media outlets
are frequently owned and controlled in a non-transparent manner,
either because of a lack of transparency obligations under domestic
law in member States or through non-transparent legal constructions
of indirect or hidden ownership, which is often linked to political
affiliations or economic or religious interests of the true owner
of a media outlet.
Member States should therefore ensure that the public have
access to specific information about the ownership, management and
editorial structures of media as well as their financing. Relevant
information shall be submitted by the media outlets concerned to
an independent national media authority.