Migration policy should be seen in a global perspective, involving
co-operation and co-ordination between countries of origin, transit
and destination, and focusing on the situation of the individuals.
The European Union’s relations with transit countries emphasise
migration policy based on “externalisation” of border control, which
leaves migrants and refugees at risk of exploitation, abuse and
violence. These relations could, however, provide a basis for co-operation
on a more holistic, rights-based and effective approach to migration
policy. The examples of Turkey and Morocco show how there is potential
for improving the situation in transit countries; that of Libya
illustrates a disastrous alternative.
The European Union should ensure coherency in overall migration
policy, involving countries of transit and origin, promoting and
respecting human rights and avoiding a narrow emphasis on border
control and security. The North-South Centre could also consider
further developing its facilitation of dialogue between countries
of origin, transit and destination.
The continuing, credible reports of unlawful “push-backs”
of migrants and refugees and related human rights violations are
a cause for concern. All member States should ensure that they refrain
from such practices.