In recent years, the world has suffered three international
epidemics (H1N1, Ebola, Zika) with a huge impact on human rights,
including the right to life and the right to health. In an increasingly
globalised world, diseases are more likely to spread at high speed.
The world is woefully ill-prepared to handle international
public health emergencies, which have the capacity to threaten national
and international security and stability, constrain economies and
put pressure on health-care systems. This is why the existing worldwide
health-system architecture needs to be strengthened with an empowered,
well-governed and accountable World Health Organization (WHO) at
its apex, and efficient, equitable and resilient national health
systems at its foundation.
States must ensure resilient health-care systems through strategies
to prevent and deal with outbreaks. To this end, it is necessary
to co-operate and co-ordinate at all levels, to finance the necessary
investments, to network and to have a mutual exchange of information
between all stakeholders.
The international health regulations should be strengthened
and better implemented and monitored, while WHO’s rapid response
mechanism must be reinforced. Any action must be community centred,
with up-to-date surveillance and accurate and rapid reporting with
a view to proper diagnosis, the best possible treatment, and providing
society with reliable information in emergency situations.