Countering terrorist narratives is a complicated task with
no clear, easy solution.
The report points out the need to better understand the radicalisation
process, exploring how and why individuals become terrorists. It
also studies the difficulties faced by counter-narrative strategies,
such as addressing the relevant audiences as well as measuring its
constructive impact. It goes on to suggest factors to consider in
creating effective counter-narrative initiatives. Lastly, the report
discusses the concept of shared values and the importance of identifying
overlap between values of the European Convention on Human Rights and
core Islamic teaching, in order to develop effective positive alternatives
based on this over-lapping consensus in ideals.
The report comes to the conclusion that reactive counter-narratives
are not sufficient. It is necessary to develop credible community-based,
positive, proactive alternative narratives, promoting shared values
and facilitating conversation, encouraging awareness and dispelling
The Committee of Ministers is invited to carry out an in-depth
study of the actual experience of member States in developing counter-narratives
to terrorism and on their impact. Based on the latter, the Council
of Europe should define guidelines on devising narratives and messages
countering terrorist propaganda, taking into account the need for
such narratives to be based on factual information.