The aim of this report is to improve the humanitarian situation
of internally displaced persons (IDPs), returned IDPs and refugees
in the North Caucasus.
The authorities of the Russian Federation have undertaken
significant efforts to assist those forcibly displaced in the North
Caucasus. While these efforts have improved the lives of a substantial
number of displaced persons, an important number still do not fully
enjoy their rights after up to twenty years in displacement. Access to
adequate housing, jobs, documentation as well as ongoing insecurity,
ineffective property compensation mechanisms and the limited choice
of residence remain persistent concerns. Some of the displaced persons have
become more vulnerable over time as a result.
Stronger efforts are necessary to ensure that durable solutions
can be achieved for the remaining displaced persons. This entails
improved data and information collection, targeted programmes to
address their specific needs, monitoring of the achievement of durable
solutions as well as strengthened efforts towards achieving peace
in the region. The relative wealth of the Russian Federation should
allow it to build on the positive results it has already achieved
and further improve the situation of displaced persons.