Traditional national minorities can be defined as minorities
who have been living on the same territory for centuries and share
a common identity. The protection of the rights of national minorities,
including traditional national minorities, should remain a political
priority since it plays an essential role for peace and stability
in Europe and is an efficient means of conflict prevention.
The respect of minority rights, which is beneficial to all,
can be ensured through the protection of the right to identity,
protection of minority languages, mother tongue education and effective
participation in economic and public life. Some rights, including
the right to use a minority language in public, have a collective
dimension and can be effectively enjoyed only when interacting with
others. In addition, territorial self-government arrangements contribute
to protecting minority rights.
The Assembly should call on Council of Europe member States
to sign and/or ratify the Framework Convention for the Protection
of National Minorities and the European Charter for Regional or
Minority Languages, if they have not yet done so. The Assembly should
also call on member States to promote the official use of languages spoken
by traditional national minorities on the territories where they
live, to implement territorial self-government arrangements and
to refrain from adopting laws which weaken minority protection.