The deterioration of the humanitarian situation in Gaza, where
75 000 people are still displaced, 43% of the population is unemployed
and nearly 40% of the population falls below the poverty line, needs
a rapid solution by the international community and all the parties
The report provides the historical context of the crisis in
Gaza, makes an assessment of the current humanitarian situation
and proposes some practical recommendations to improve the situation.
The lifting of the blockade of Gaza is a vital precondition
for the resolution of the humanitarian crisis and should be supported
by the international community through the provision of security
conditions necessary for the free movement of people and goods.
With this aim, a new international conference on the reconstruction
of Gaza should be convened.
The international community should ensure that medical and
social services are provided to Gaza’s population and a sustainable
solution found for water and energy supplies. For their part, the
Israeli authorities should lift the blockade to ensure that the
population of Gaza has access to basic and inalienable human rights
and, while preparing the removal of the blockade, should facilitate
exports from Gaza to Israel, the West Bank and beyond. The Palestinian
authorities should reject and condemn acts of terrorism against
Israel, form an effective and cohesive government bridging the two
territories, and prepare a multiannual action plan for Palestinian