The Committee on Legal Affairs and Human Rights stresses the
importance of Interpol as an efficient instrument for international
co-operation in the fight against transnational crime, including
terrorism. Interpol is constitutionally required to act in the spirit
of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and barred from any intervention
or activities of a political, military, religious or racist character.
But in recent years, Interpol’s Red Notice system has been abused
by some member States to persecute political opponents beyond their borders.
Targeted persons cannot successfully challenge Red Notices
before any national or international courts. Such jurisdictional
immunity can only be justified to the extent that an internal appeals
mechanism provides an effective remedy in line with human rights
standards. Interpol’s Commission for the Control of Files has been criticised
for being ill-equipped to deal with the large and growing number
and complexity of complaints.
The committee welcomes the recently adopted reforms as so
many steps in the right direction and stresses the importance of
their implementation in practice. Interpol is invited, in particular,
to boost resources for checks of Red Notices and to focus on Notices
emanating from National Central Bureaus which have abused the system in