The report analyses the impact of eight years of Syrian conflict,
in particular the humanitarian consequences for the Syrian people
and the destabilising effects on the Middle East and the Arab World,
as well as on Europe. It also discusses the complex balance of powers
and spheres of influence of the international actors who joined the
conflict and outlines recent developments in the peace process.
Arguing that the political process has now reached a critical
stage, the Committee on Political Affairs and Democracy puts forward
a number of recommendations, focusing on humanitarian assistance,
conflict resolution, accountability for serious violations of international
law and human rights, as well as on the humanitarian situation of
refugees in neighbouring countries.
In addition, the international community is urged to adhere
to the peace road map, in line with the Syrian-led political process,
and to support the efforts of the newly appointed United Nations
Special Envoy for Syria, with a view to setting up a legitimate,
credible, diverse and balanced constitutional committee, as a necessary mechanism
of political transition towards a democratic post-war Syria.