Global warming is a concern shared by all European nations.
It is estimated that 200 million people will be displaced globally
by 2050 because of climate change. Clear policies towards these
displaced populations are needed. States should take a more pro-active
approach to protecting victims of natural or man-made disasters and
improve preparedness mechanisms for these disasters.
The report calls for specific measures at local, national
and international levels. They include measures to raise the resilience
threshold of local communities, to improve national disaster response
and management capacity, and to improve the legal protection of
refugees in the context of environmental migration.
Disaster risk reduction should be integrated into sustainable
development and management policies. The interaction between climate
change and conflict and violence should be further assessed to better understand
what triggers migration. International legal developments, such
as the 2009 African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance
of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (Kampala Convention) may
serve as an example to follow in relation to the obligation to protect
persons displaced for environmental reasons. It highlights the complementarity
between prevention, emergency assistance and the search for sustainable
solutions, accelerating societies’ adaptation to climate change.