Article 4 of the European Convention on Human Rights prohibits
human trafficking. Therefore, member States must protect everyone
under their jurisdiction against human trafficking and victims have
the right to have any violations reviewed by the European Court
of Human Rights as a last resort. Nevertheless, an increasing number
of persons falls victim to traffickers across Europe, in particular
migrants. Their exploitation is often accompanied by physical and
psychological violence and threats, mainly against women.
An irregular migration status and the fact that a child is
an unaccompanied migrant are particularly vulnerable situations.
Preventing trafficking and providing protection to victims must
be of highest priority. It is necessary to revise culturally engrained
perceptions which are conducive to human trafficking.
The Council of Europe should do more to combat human trafficking
and to ensure that its legal standards are adequate and implemented
by all member States. National parliamentarians should assist in
the domestic implementation of the recommendations contained in
the reports of the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking
in Human Beings (GRETA).