The Committee on Culture, Science and Education is shocked
by the increase in attacks on journalists and media – at least 20
journalists have been killed since 2007 in Europe, including 13
in Russia. This report takes stock of the situation in the member
states, using three categories of violations: the most severe violations
of media freedom such as physical assaults, murders, intimidation
or impunity for crimes targeting journalists; violations arising
from the misuse of governmental power to direct the media; as well
as threats linked to media ownership or to the absence of professional
The Council of Europe should collate information on violations
of media freedom on a continuing basis, analyse this information
systematically country by country and disseminate it to the governments
of member states. It should assist member states to train their
judges, law enforcement authorities and police in respecting media freedom.
Member governments should review national legislation and practice.