The dramatic increase in irregular migration into Europe of
recent years has been facilitated by networks of migrant smugglers.
A wide range of ancillary illegal activities is connected to migrant
smuggling, and migrant smugglers may also engage in trafficking
of human beings and drug trafficking. Despite the various international
instruments and mechanisms, including the UNODC, Europol and Interpol,
and the efforts of national authorities, it has proved difficult
to prosecute and convict migrant smugglers.
International co-operation and intelligence sharing is essential
to combat these groups by targeting all potentially vulnerable aspects
of their business models, including money laundering, corruption
of public officials and abuse of the Internet. The aim must be to
transform migrant smuggling from a low-risk, high-return to a high-risk,
The Parliamentary Assembly should recommend that member and
non-member States ratify and implement the United Nations Convention
against Transnational Organised Crime and its Protocol against the
Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, and the Council of Europe’s
2005 Anti-Money Laundering Convention and Criminal Law Convention
on Corruption; and implement the specific recommendations of MONEYVAL
and the Financial Action Task Force. Member States should also develop
and apply a full range of investigative and prosecutorial techniques
against migrant smuggling.