The Committee on Legal Affairs and Human Rights notes with
regret that the specific recommendations addressed to the competent
Russian authorities in Resolution
1738 (2010), which was adopted unanimously with the participation
of the Russian delegation, have remained largely unimplemented.
In the Chechen Republic, the authorities continue to nurture
a climate of pervading fear in an atmosphere of personalisation
of power. The Head of the Republic has made public threats against
political opponents and human rights activists, even in other parts
of Russia and beyond. The deterioration of the situation of women in
the Chechen Republic through the rigid enforcement of religious
norms has continued. The Head of the Chechen Republic actively promotes
the application of rules based on Chechen customary laws, adats,
and interpretations of Sharia that discriminate against women.
The committee thus observes that the situation in the North
Caucasus region with regard to safeguarding human rights and upholding
the rule of law still remains one of the most serious in the entire
geographical area covered by the Council of Europe. Systematic human
rights violations and the impunity of their perpetrators are bound
to foster the further rise of extremism.
The committee welcomes the creation of the Natalya Estemirova
Documentation Centre in Oslo and proposes a number of concrete recommendations
to be addressed to the Russian authorities and to the member States aimed
at ending the climate of impunity and rebuilding mutual trust.