The right to work is a fundamental right. The Council of Europe
has repeatedly shown its commitment to respect for this right and
for the principle of non-discrimination in this area. Yet discrimination
in access to employment remains a real problem in member States,
whatever the ground of discrimination at issue.
States should take general measures to help to create the
conditions in which unemployed people can compete on an equal footing
in the labour market. They should ensure that anti-discrimination
laws fully cover the field of employment and all grounds of discrimination,
and provide for easily accessible remedies for victims of discrimination
in this field. They should also adopt and implement integrated policies
designed to promote access to employment for disadvantaged groups.
States must also respond to discriminatory behaviour by employers.
It is recommended that they legislate and implement policies to
promote the use of direct tools such as anonymous CVs, unconscious
bias training and diversity audits in companies; that they use indirect
means such as recruitment grants, employment intermediaries or diversity
labels; and that they support initiatives of public and private
companies aimed at promoting diversity and conveying positive messages
about diversity in society.