International co-operation in the field of criminal law is
of fundamental importance. When criminals take advantage of reduced
border controls in Europe to escape justice in their own countries
and transfer criminal assets abroad, States must react by co-operating
with each other efficiently to uphold the rule of law.
A reasonable balance must be struck between the legitimate
interest in preventing impunity for serious crimes, which themselves
violate human rights, and the rights of the person targeted by an
extradition request, who must not be exposed to a serious risk of
flagrant denial of justice, cruel and inhuman punishment and/or discriminatory
treatment on political, racial, ethnic or religious grounds.
International co-operation in the field of criminal law requires
a high degree of mutual trust, based on common standards and practices.
Trust is destroyed when international co-operation mechanisms are
misused for political or corrupt purposes.
The Committee on Legal Affairs and Human Rights stresses Interpol’s
vital role in the fight against impunity. It welcomes the fact that
Interpol has implemented many recommendations made by the Assembly
in its 2017 report aimed at strengthening the Interpol system and
fighting the abuse of Red Notices and Diffusions. However, further
work needs to be done to improve the transparency of Interpol’s
work and to strengthen accountability for States who frequently
abuse Interpol’s instruments.