See related documents
| Doc. 13813 Addendum III
| 22 June 2015
Ad hoc committee on large scale arrival of refugees to Turkey (Istanbul-Gaziantep, 14-16 June 2015)
1. On 14-15 June 2015, I led the ad
hoc committee of the Bureau on large scale arrival of refugees to Turkey on
a visit to Istanbul, Kilis and Gaziantep. The primary aim of the
visit was to raise awareness of the members to the challenges facing
Turkey and refugees hosted in the country, paying particular attention
to the needs and conditions in the refugee camps at the border with
Syria, and the challenges of social integration of refugees in Turkey.
2. The programme of the visit included a preliminary briefing
with high level authorities, the United Nations High Commissioner
for Refugees and experts on 14 June and the visit to the refugee
camps of Elbeyli, Nizip I and Nizip
II on 15 June, together with meetings with the local
authorities and a visit to a social integration project in Kilis
(see the programme in appendix 1).
3. ‘Unprecedented’ was a recurrent word throughout our mission:
unprecedented is the humanitarian crisis caused by the conflict
in Syria; unprecedented is the generosity of Turkey and other countries
neighbouring Syria in opening their borders to those seeking protection
against the escalation of violence; unprecedented is the format
chosen for the Assembly delegation: an ad hoc committee of the Bureau,
composed of the Presidential Committee, the Chairpersons of national
delegations or their representatives, the Chairperson of the Committee
on Migration, Refugees and Displaced Persons and two Assembly rapporteurs.
4. After having set up the ad hoc committee on 24 April 2015,
the Bureau finalised its composition and elected me as Chairperson
at its meeting in Sarajevo on 21 May 2015.
The visit built upon and complemented the previous work on
Syrian refugees carried out by the Assembly and its Committee on
Migration, Refugees and Displaced Persons, culminating in Assembly Resolution 2047 (2015)
on Humanitarian consequences
of the actions of the terrorist group known as “Islamic State”
, Resolution 1971 (2014)
on Syrian refugees: how to
organise and support international assistance? and Resolution 1902 (2012)
on The European response
to the humanitarian crisis in Syria.
6. The present report outlines the main findings of the visit,
and puts them in the broader context of the humanitarian challenges
raised by the conflict in Syria, for refugees and displaced persons,
for neighbouring countries and notably Turkey, and for Europe in
7. On behalf of the ad hoc committee, I wholeheartedly thank
the Turkish authorities, in particular the Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
through its Minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu, the Prime Ministry Disaster
and Emergency Management Authority, through its President, Fuat
Oktay, and the Turkish parliament, through Reha Denemeç, Chairperson
of the Turkish delegation to the Assembly, for welcoming us, organising
the visit and sharing information and concerns. I would like to
thank also the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
for its invaluable support and advice prior to and during the visit.
8. Last but not least, I would like to thank the refugees we
met in the camps of Elbeyli and Nizip, who received us and gave
us an outstanding example of how it is possible to live in dignity.
2. A humanitarian crisis
unfolding at Europe’s doors
9. Since its outset in 2011, the conflict in Syria has
displaced 11,5 million people, 4 million of whom have fled outside
the country and 7,5 million are internally displaced (IDPs). Furthermore,
the spill-over of violence into Iraq has provoked the forced displacement
of Iraqis inside and outside of their country.
The conflict has set a new, grim record, causing the largest
refugee displacement of our times, with Syrians being the world’s
largest refugee population under UNHCR’s mandate.
To better understand the scale of
the problem, it is worth recalling that half the population of Syria
is currently forcibly displaced, and that this number continues
to rise by an estimated 100,000 people per month.
11. Almost 92% of Syrian refugees are hosted in the region. According
to UNHCR, as of 26 May 2015, there were 1,761,486 Syrian refugees
registered in Turkey, 1,183,327 in Lebanon, 628,160 in Jordan, 249,266
in Iraq and 134,329 in Egypt.
The protracted character of the displacement, the size of
the refugee population – also as a percentage of the local population
–, and the depletion of already scarce resources are leading to
the deterioration of the refugees’ living conditions, especially
in some of the host countries.
As violence continues to rage in Syria and the absorption
capacity in the region is overstretched, the flow of Syrian refugees
towards Europe is steadily on the rise, both by sea and by land.
3. Turkey at the forefront of
the humanitarian effort
3.1. The general context
14. Turkey is on the front-line of the refugee influx
coming from Syria. It has embraced this humanitarian challenge and
has become the largest refugee-hosting country in the world. At
present, one in two Syrian refugees are hosted in Turkey. They represent
2,3% of the country’s total population; in some cities they outnumber
the local population.
Out of the 1,761,486 Syrian refugees registered in Turkey,
259,001 live in 25 camps set up for this purpose and managed by
the Prime Ministry Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency
(AFAD), which is in charge of co-ordinating the government’s response
to the crisis.
16. The camps – which are referred to as ‘cities’ by the authorities
– are located in various Turkish provinces in the proximity of the
border with Syria. Their ‘guests’ – as they are called in Turkey
– benefit from a wide range of services accessible directly in the
camps, such as education and health care.
17. Turkey has emerged from the Syrian crisis as a world leader
in the area of humanitarian assistance: it has spent 6 billion dollars
US so far in providing assistance to Syrian refugees and the percentage
of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) spent on humanitarian aid amounts
to 0,21 per cent (against, for example, 0,15 per cent of Luxembourg
and 0,014 of Sweden. In stark contrast, the international contribution
to aid Turkey amounts to around 400 million dollars US.
18. This huge financial and logistical effort is hard to sustain.
Furthermore, it is not sufficient: the Turkish authorities are adamant
about the sometimes dire living conditions experienced by Syrian
refugees who are not staying in the camps, whose number totals 1,502,485
persons, mainly residing in urban areas.
19. Even those refugees who had sufficient financial means to
sustain their livelihoods when they first arrived to Turkey have
started to run out of resources. For them, it is increasingly difficult
to rent private accommodation. Some of them are having to resort
to child labour, child marriage or prostitution as coping mechanisms.
This situation is increasing the risk of social tensions.
As it was pointed out by the local authorities we met, in the areas
with higher refugee population density schools are overcrowded,
with classes taking place also at week-ends in order to provide
for both Turkish and Syrian children; the costs of property rentals
have gone up because of the greater demand; hospitals are under
pressure, with some of them having reported a 30-40% increase in
attention was also drawn to the centrality that the question of
Syrian refugees occupied in political debates in the run up to the
recent parliamentary elections.
As regards legal aspects, Turkey is a party to the 1951 Geneva
Convention on the Status of Refugees but has not ratified its 1967
Protocol which extends the application of the Convention to refugees
seeking asylum from events occurring outside Europe. In April 2014,
however, the new Law on Foreigners and International Protection
came into force, establishing a legal framework for providing protection
and assistance for asylum-seekers and refugees, regardless of their
countries of origin.
Since the beginning of the conflict, Turkey has maintained
an open-door policy towards refugees fleeing the violence in Syria.
In October 2014, Turkish government formalised the existing temporary
protection regime with the issuance of a Regulation on Temporary
Protection, which is applicable to Syrian nationals, refugees and
stateless persons from Syria. This regulation sets out the legal
framework applying to them, including admission, registration, documentation,
access to rights and co-operation between different agencies and stakeholders.
Beneficiaries of Temporary Protection will have access to
the labour market in some clearly defined sectors once secondary
legislation is passed.
refugees also have access to education and are covered under the
general health insurance system, although barriers exist in accessing
these services, including language as well as the unavailability
of some services due to the large refugee population and the lack
of sufficient resources to meet these needs.
24. The Foreigners Police and the newly created Directorate General
of Migration Management conduct biometric registration of refugees
living inside and outside the camps. Each refugee is issued with
a Foreigners Identification ID number and a family identification
number. Holding the Foreigners ID card enables refugees to have
access to all services.
25. During the visit of the ad hoc committee, the Turkish authorities
repeatedly stressed that access to the territory, registration and
the provision of services are granted to Syrian refugees without
any discrimination, on any grounds. These steps attest to the holistic
approach adopted by the government.
3.2. Co-operation with UNHCR
26. UNHCR is present in Turkey, with a 300-strong staff,
distributed in Ankara (headquarters), Istanbul and Gaziantep.
27. The agency is deeply involved in assisting the authorities
to respond to the crisis. UNHCR staff regularly visit refugee camps
and provides technical assistance on reception, registration, camp
management, community representation, voluntary repatriation, preventing
and responding to sexual and gender-based violence, as well as identifying
persons with special needs, including unaccompanied and separated
children, trauma and torture survivors, and support to strengthen
the response mechanisms.
28. In order to reach out to needy Syrian refugees living in urban
areas and to strengthen protection and assistance responses, UNHCR
has encouraged the establishment of community centres and supported
them in the provision of assistance and services to the non-camp
Syrian refugee population. The range of services delivered by the
centres is cross-cutting in nature and engages protection, non-formal
education, basic needs, health, and livelihoods assistance.
3.3. Investing in the refugees’
29. ‘We do not want to lose
this generation’ was a sentence reiterated on several
occasions by our Turkish interlocutors.
30. The conflict in Syria has entered its fifth year and the end
of the hostilities is not in sight. On the contrary, the conflict
has extended to some areas in Iraq and has become more complex due
to the number of factions fighting one another.
The Turkish authorities have made considerable efforts to
provide education for the Syrian refugee population even if the
results differ considerably, according to whether they are staying
in or outside camps. There are, at the moment, 130,000 non-camp
Syrian refugees in the education system but two thirds of Syrian children
living outside camps are still in need of schooling.
32. The Ministry of National Education of Turkey co-ordinates
and monitors education provided in the schools inside the camps.
Education is provided free of charge to Syrian students from nursery
school to Grade12. Teaching is in Arabic and follows the curriculum
agreed by the Syrian Education Commission and the Turkish Ministry
of National Education. In addition, Turkish language courses are
provided to all in-camp students.
33. It is important to respond to the humanitarian emergency but
also to think beyond it. Investing in the education and training
of refugees is a way to facilitate their return to Syria once security
conditions are restored and ensure that they can contribute to rebuilding
their country. Were displacement to last much longer, the investment
in education and training would be instrumental to better the social
integration of refugees in Turkey or elsewhere. Finally, education
is a vaccine protecting people against radicalisation and proselytism by
extremist violent groups. Also in this respect, Turkey has given
proof of long-sightedness and represents a model for others. Its
efforts deserve to be supported.
3.4. Financial sustainability
The UNHCR and the other agencies involved in humanitarian
relief for Syrian refugees in the region
for additional funding from the international community with a view
to sustaining Turkey’s capacity to meet the needs of an increasing
refugee population: Turkey’s estimated financial requirements amount
to 624 million dollars US, only for 2015.
As of 9 June 2015, only 22 percent
of this amount has been pledged.
35. Some Council of Europe member States – such as Sweden, the
Netherlands, Norway, Denmark, Switzerland and France - feature amongst
the major donors of humanitarian contributions, whether unrestricted
or directed to a specific State in the region. Total funding is,
however, insufficient to cover real needs, and is to a large extent
based on emergency appeals which do not allow for predictability
and long-term planning.
During the briefing in Istanbul on 14 June, Professor Goodwin-Gill
launched an interesting proposal: financing assistance to refugees
through the frozen assets of refugee-producing countries which merits
looking into further.
4. The camps of Elbeyli, Nizip
I and Nizip II
37. The delegation visited the refugee camp of Elbeyli,
in the province of Kilis, as well as the camps of Nizip I and Nizip
II, in the province of Gaziantep. The portion of Syrian territory
on the other side of the border is controlled by the terrorist group
widely known as ‘Islamic State’ or DAESH. The camps are located
very close to the border. We were told that one can see and hear
the shooting and shelling in nearby Syria.
The camps – or ‘cities’, as they are commonly called – present
are divided in districts, whose leader (mukhtar),
chosen by the refugees of each district, acts as a liaison between
them and the camp management in view of identifying urgent needs,
helping the distribution of social assistance and disseminating
information and announcements. One of them acts as the chief mukhtar for the whole camp. The mukhtar system ensures that refugees
have a voice in how they are treated, there are special committees
for young people and for women, and vulnerable individuals receive
- each refugee is credited with 85 Turkish lira per month
on an e-card, for the purchase of food and hygiene items from in-camp
shops and markets. In addition, AFAD covers the basic needs of the
guests including non-food items;
- the camps have health clinics, which work under the supervision
of the Provincial Directorate of the Ministry of Health. Services
are provided free of charge. Psychosocial support is provided by
- all children at the age of compulsory schooling receive
education in the camps. Syrian volunteer teachers provide education
to Syrian refugee children. Since January 2015, UNICEF remunerates
them with a monthly incentive of 150 dollars US. In addition, Turkish
language courses are available as well as vocational activities,
accessible to women and men (such as carpet weaving, handicrafts,
needle work, hairdressing, music, drawing and computer courses);
- there are mosques, community centres, sporting facilities;
- there is a strong police presence;
- AFAD conducts voluntary repatriation interviews of those
who wish to return to Syria. UNHCR participates in these interviews
as an observer, to ensure the voluntary nature of the returns;
- refugees are free to leave the camps and come back, in
compliance with some internal regulations.
39. The camp of Elbeyli struck us as of a particularly high standard.
Established in June 2013, this is a container city hosting approximately
25,000 Syrian refugees (against an official maximum capacity of
21,500 residents). It is located 24 km from the town of Kilis and
only 10 km from the Syrian border. It includes around 3600 containers
of 21 m2 each.
40. As regards the residents of the camp, 5600 are adult women
and 5264 are adult men. There are 13,433 children, including infants
born in displacement. The total number of children receiving education
in the camps is 8330.
41. The ad hoc delegation visited the school – which is large,
clean, well organised and nicely decorated with the children’s works
and drawings – , a recreational centre where paintings and other
art works by refugees are displayed, the health clinic and the psychological
support centre. The streets in the camp are paved, with the level
of the containers above the ground. In some large squares we saw
children playing or men gathering, listening to music, and people
going about their lives. All around a square there were small shops,
reproducing the atmosphere of a village.
42. The Mayor of Kilis, who accompanied the delegation during
the visit in Elbeyli and later to his town, told us that Kilis is
the smallest province in Turkey. It counts 93,000 Turkish inhabitants
and 133,000 Syrian refugees living in or outside camps. Many work
in shops or in the countryside. In Kilis, we also visited a social integration
project for women who have been victims of sexual or gender-based
violence. Their hospitality was incredible. In this centre, women
receive advice and support and learn new skills while their children
are looked after.
43. Nizip I and Nizip II are respectively a tent and a container
camp in the province of Gaziantep. The delegation held a meeting
with the camps management and Turkish officials in Nizip II. This
camp has a population of 5064 refugees, accommodated in 908 containers.
There are 1246 adult women, 1120 adult men, 1187 girls and 1433
boys. 97% of the children between the age of 5 and 17 attend in-camp
44. Nizip I was established in October 2012 and hosts 10,621 residents
in 1858 tents. There are 2367 adult women, 2335 adult men and 5919
children (2897 girls and 3022 boys). 95% of the children between
5 and 17 years old follow education in the camp. At the moment,
130 residents participate in the Turkish language classes.
45. Perhaps because of the time of the day, there were many children,
girls and women outside the tents, willing to engage with us. The
living conditions seemed less good than in Elbeyli, with less communal
space and unpaved streets, but still of a fair standard.
46. We saw very young girls with their babies, which tied in with
reports from reliable sources indicating that early marriage and
other forms of gender-based violence, including domestic violence,
could be a serious problem amongst Syrian refugees, which need looking
5. Challenges and stakes
47. Due to the short duration of its visit, the ad hoc
committee could see only part of the Syrian refugees in Turkey.
Out of the 25 camps run by AFAD, we nonetheless visited three, hosting
roughly 37,000 out of the 259,000 in-camp refugees. What we saw
was impressive and benefitted a considerable number of people. Moreover,
it was representative of the living conditions of refugees accommodated
in AFAD camps, as confirmed during our visit by UNHCR.
48. To sustain this effort in the face of a continuous refugee
influx, greater financial support from donors is indispensable.
49. Greater financial support is even more important to improve
the living conditions of Syrian refugees who are not hosted in camps.
At the moment, they are approximately 1,7 million people but their
number continues to raise as the reception capacity of camps is
exhausted. Turkey tries to meet their basic needs by opening up education,
access to health, access to work. Their presence is not without
a financial and a social cost for the host country.
50. In an interview for the Luxembourger
Wort following the visit, Mr Yves Cruchten, representative
of the Luxembourg delegation and myself said that Turkey’s generosity
puts the rest of Europe to shame. Turkey has opened its doors to
2 million refugees so far, and spent 6 billion dollars US in humanitarian
assistance to Syrians in forced displacement. What other Council
of Europe member State can match this level of engagement?
51. For the rest of Europe, supporting the efforts of Turkey and
other neighbouring countries is not only a matter of fairness, solidarity,
consistency with one’s own purported values. It is also an issue
of self-interest and good migration management. When they are not
be able to find refuge in the region and survival becomes a problem,
Syrian refugees will be ready to put their lives at risk to travel
further into Europe.
This is already happening: in the first five months of 2015,
almost 90,000 refugees and migrants have crossed the Mediterranean,
compared to 49,000 people during the same period in 2014. This includes
some 46,500 who landed in Italy and 42,000 in Greece. Smaller arrivals
have been recorded in Spain (920) and Malta (91). Over 60% of the
arrivals to Greece are Syrians. Overall, in the first 6 months of
2015, Syrians represented 39% of boat arrivals in Europe. In 2014,
they were one third.
53. Finally, European governments should not contradict their
own political priorities. At a time when all Council of Europe member
States have put the prevention and the fight against radicalisation
and terrorism high up on their political agenda, they should not
make the mistake of abandoning Turkey and its neighbours alone to
cope with the biggest displacement of our times alone, at the risk
of further regional destabilisation. They should not abandon 11,5
million forcibly displaced persons in their desperation, exposed
to the fanaticism and proselytism of extremists and terrorist groups.
54. Prior to the visit of the ad hoc committee, I addressed
a letter to the Presidents/Speakers of parliaments of the members
of the Assembly having confirmed their participation, putting an
emphasis on the importance to ensure a follow-up.
There are many ways in which members of the delegation and
of the Assembly in general can do this. I will refrain from trying
to make a comprehensive list but a few examples could include:
- acting as multipliers, organising
awareness-raising events in their own parliaments or at national
- initiating debates in parliament and raising the issue
during discussions on the budget or in the foreign affairs committee;
- ensuring that their governments comply with the recommendations
contained in previous Assembly texts on the Syrian humanitarian
crisis, including Resolution
1971 (2014) on Syrian refugees: how to
organise and support international assistance? and Resolution 2047 (2015) on Humanitarian consequences
of the actions of the terrorist group known as “Islamic State”;
- encouraging their governments and other stakeholders to
step up their financial contribution to sustain Turkey’s efforts,
under the Regional Refugee Response and Resilience Plan or through
- supporting resettlement, or other forms of admission,
of Syrian refugees to their countries.
Another follow-up activity that could be explored is involving
the Council of Europe Development Bank in the funding of projects
for refugees in Turkey, as already recommended by the Assembly in
its Resolution 1971 (2014)
57. In the above-mentioned letter, I underlined that enhancing
the capacity of countries such as Turkey to cope with the Syrian
refugee crisis in the region creates more favourable conditions
for refugees to return to their country once the situation allows
it and reduces the risk that they undertake a perilous journey in
search for safety, risking their lives or falling prey to smugglers
7. Concluding remarks
I fully agree with the analysis provided by the United
Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Antonio Guterres:
‘The continued growth in displacement
is staggering. But at the same time, the nature of the refugee crisis
is now changing. As the level of despair rises, and the available
protection space shrinks, we are approaching a dangerous turning
point (…) After years in exile, refugees’ resources are long depleted, and
their living conditions are drastically deteriorating. (…) With
humanitarian appeals systematically underfunded, there just isn’t
enough assistance to provide for Syrian refugees (…) Abandoning
their hosts to manage the situation on their own could result in
serious regional destabilisation, and more security concerns elsewhere
in the world. It should be obvious that in order to prevent this
and to preserve the protection space in the region, refugees and
host countries need massive international support’.
59. In concluding this report, I cannot help recalling the words
of the manager of the Nizip II Camp: ‘People come here. See what
we have done. They are impressed. Then they go home. And nothing
60. We must ensure that this time it will be different.
Appendix 1 – Programme(open)
5.00-6.45 pm Welcome and preparatory briefing
- Mr Reha DENEMEC, Chairperson
of the Turkish delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council
- Ms Anne BRASSEUR, President of the Parliamentary Assembly
of the Council of Europe
Challenges faced by Turkey in
dealing with the influx of refugees from Syria
Fuat OKTAY, President of the Prime Ministry Disaster and Emergency Management
- Ms Pascale MOREAU, Representative of the United Nations
High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Turkey
- Mr Guy S. GOODWIN-GILL, Professor of International Refugee
Law at Oxford University and Senior Research Fellow at All Souls
College, Oxford University
8.00 pm Dinner hosted by H.E. Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu, Minister
of Foreign Affairs of Turkey, and exchange of views
Monday 15 June
10.05 am Arrival in Gaziantep and departure for Kilis by bus
11.30 am Visit to Elbeyli Visiting
Centre and exchange of views with Mr Hasan KARA, Mayor
1.00 pm Visit of the social integration project in Kilis
2.00 pm Departure for Nizip by bus
3.30 pm Visit to Nizip I and Nizip II Visiting Centers
5.00 pm Departure for Gaziantep by bus
6.00 pm Dinner hosted by Ms Fatma Şahin, Mayor of Gaziantep
and exchange of views
7.30 pm Departure for Gaziantep airport
Tuesday 16 June
Appendix 2 (open)
LIST OF PARTICIPANTS
/ LISTE DES PARTICIPANTS
Members of the ad hoc
committee / Membres de la commission ad hoc
Chairperson / Présidente
Anne BRASSEUR, President of the Assembly
Presidential Committee / Comité
- Mr Andreas GROSS (Switzerland,
- Mr Pedro AGRAMUNT (Spain, EPP/CD)
- Mr Jordi XUCLÀ (Spain, ALDE)
- Mr Robert WALTER (United Kingdom, EC), replacing Mr Christopher
- Mr Andrej HUNKO (Germany, UEL) replacing Mr Tiny KOX
National delegations / Délégations nationales
- Mr Senad ŠEPIĆ Chairperson (Bosnia
and Herzegovina, EPP/CD)
- Ms Dana VÁHALOVÁ Chairperson (Czech Republic SOC)
- Mr Jacob LUND Chairperson (Denmark, SOC)
- M. René ROUQUET Chairperson (France, SOC)
- Mr Tobias ZECH Member (Germany, EPP/CD)
- Ms Ioanneta KAVVADIA Member (Greece, UEL)
- Mr Karl GARĐARSSON Chairperson (Iceland, ALDE)
- Ms Olivia MITCHELL Member (Ireland, EPP/CD)
- Mr Michele NICOLETTI Chairperson (Italy, SOC)
- Ms Judith OEHRI Member (Liechtenstein, ALDE)
- Ms Birutè VĖSAITĖ Chairperson (Lithuania, SOC)
- M. Yves CRUCHTEN Vice-Chairperson (Luxembourg, SOC)
- Ms Deborah SCHEMBRI Member (Malta, SOC)
- Mr Piotr WACH Chairperson (Poland, EPP/CD)
- Ms Doris FIALA Chairperson (Switzerland, ALDE)
- Mr Reha DENEMEҪ Chairperson (Turkey, EC)
/ Autres participants
Guest speakers / Intervenants
- Mr Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu,
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkey
- Mr Fuat OKTAY, President of the Prime Ministry Disaster
and Emergency Management Authority (AFAD)
- Ms Pascale MOREAU, Representative of the United Nations
High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Turkey
- Mr Guy S. GOODWIN-GILL, Professor of International Refugee
Law at Oxford University
- Mr Hasan KARA, Mayor of Kilis
- Ms Fatma Şahin, Mayor of Gaziantep
Turkish representatives / Représentants
Members of the Turkish delegation
to the Parliamentary Assembly / Membres de la délégation turque
auprès de l’Assemblée parlementaire
- Mr Şaban DİŞLİ
- Mr Ömer SELVİ
- Ms Tülin ERKAL KARA
Ministry of Foreign Affairs /
Ministère des Affaires étrangères
- Mr Atılay ERSAN, Ambassador,
Adviser to the Turkish delegation to the Assembly
- Ms Esen ALTUĞ, Deputy Director General, Asylum, Visa and
- Mr Can Sabih KANADOĞLU, First Secretary
Council of Europe Secretariat
/ Secrétariat du Conseil de l’Europe
- Mr Wojciech SAWICKI
Secretary General of the Assembly
- Mr Mark NEVILLE Head of the Private Office of the President
of the Assembly
- Ms Sonia SIRTORI Head of the Secretariat of the Bureau
of the Assembly
- Mr Angus MACDONALD Press Officer, Secretariat of the Assembly
- Ms Annick SCHNEIDER Assistant, Secretariat of the Assembly
- Mr Sandro WELTIN Photographer, Secretariat of the Council