Doc. 10430

25 January 2005

The situation of women in the Southern Caucasus

Motion for a resolution

presented by Mrs Cliveti and others

This motion has not been discussed in the Assembly and commits only the members who have signed it

1.       Over the past few years, women in the southern Caucasian countries have been facing many problems affecting their rights and their status in society:

      i. they are increasingly suffering the impact of the post-Soviet transition period, and are particularly badly affected by unemployment and the impoverishment of the population owing to the armed conflicts and the general deterioration of the economic situation in these countries;

      ii. they are not well represented in the national Parliaments: women only account for 4.58% of all parliamentarians in Armenia, 10.48% in Azerbaijan, and 9.36% in Georgia;

      iii. they suffer several forms of violence; they are the victims of armed strife which has turned them into refugees and displaced persons, they are easy targets for networks trafficking in human beings, and suffer widespread domestic violence.

2.       Women’s participation in political and public life is nevertheless an important factor in developing and reinforcing these new democracies. Some governments have initiated reforms and adopted national action plans to promote equal opportunities and combat violence against women on the legal front. However, the persistence of certain cultural traditions and the socio-economic situation are de facto threats to women’s rights in the countries of the Southern Caucasus.

3.       The Assembly, being aware of the vital role that women can play in conflict prevention and settlement, resolves to promote the implementation of reforms to guarantee effective participation by women in political and public life and combat violence against women, to raise awareness among parliamentarians and the community at large of European standards in the field of equal opportunities between women and men and to promote regional dialogue among female parliamentarians, inter alia by means of seminars organised by the Committee on Equal Opportunities for Women and Men.

4.       The Assembly therefore decides:

      i. to include activities to promote gender equality and the fight against violence towards women in its co-operation programmes;

      ii. to promote the implementation of its Recommendation 1582 (2002) on domestic violence against women and its Recommendation 1676 (2004) on women’s participation in elections.

Signed (see overleaf)

Signed 1:

CLIVETI, Minodora, Romania, SOC

AGUIAR, Manuela, Portugal, EPP/CD

ANGYALOV┴, Edita, Slovakia, SOC

AUSTIN, John, United Kingdom, SOC

BOUSAKLA, Mimount, Belgium, SOC

ČURDOV┴, Anna, Czech Republic, SOC

FAUTRIER, Catherine, Monaco, NR

GABURRO, Giuseppe, Italy, EPP/CD

H─GG, Carina, Sweden, SOC

MORGANTI, Fausta, San Marino, SOC

NAGHDALYAN, Hermine, Armenia, LDR

PEHLIVAN, Fatma, Belgium, SOC


SMIRNOVA, Svetlana, Russia, EDG

1        SOC: Socialist Group

      EPP/CD: Group of the European People’s Party

      LDR : Liberal, Democratic and Reformers’ Group

      EDG: European Democratic Group

      UEL: Group of the Unified European Left

      NR: not registered in a group