publication stressing that “only by understanding the environment and how it works, can we make the necessary decisions to protect it”. He hailed the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment as “an unprecedented contribution to our global mission for development, sustainability and peace”.

expects to make a substantial contribution at the high level UN meeting in September 2005 regarding the financing gap, the effective use of ODA, and the continuing unsustainable debt burden of many poor countries23.

Goal 1       Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

Goal 2       Achieve universal primary education

Goal 3       Promote gender equality and empower women

Goal 8       Develop a global partnership for development

1 United Nations General Assembly Resolution 55/2, of 18 September 2000..

2 Road map towards the implementation of the United Nations Millennium Declaration’, Report of the Secretary-General, A/56/326, of 6 September 2001.

3 Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger ; Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education; Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women; Goal 4: Reduce child mortality; Goal 5: Improve maternal health; Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases; Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability; and Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development.


5 Investing in Development: A Practical Plan to Achieve the Millennium Development Goals’, Millenniun Project, January 2005.

6 Nearly half of the 6 billion people in the world are poor. The World Bank defines ‘extreme poverty’ as the situation of those who live on an income of less than US$1 a day, and estimates that 1.1 billion people live in extreme poverty. The majority of them live in Asia, although Africa has the largest proportion of extreme poverty, with nearly half of its population under this category.

7 Statement by Commissioner Louis Michel at the Joint Ministerial Committee of Board of Governors of World Bank and IMF, on 17 April 2005.

8 COM (2005)134 final, of 12 April 2005

9 Id, at p.3.

10 Resolution 1319 (2003) ‘Follow-up to the World Summit on Sustainable Development: A common challenge’, para. 4.

11 Id, at paragraph 9.

12 For global and regional trends on MDGs, with data for years between 1990 and 2001-02, see:

13 ‘Human Development Report’, UNDP, 2002.

14 January 2005, see at


16 See at:

17 Meeting the Environment Millennium Development Goal in Europe and Central Asia’, The World Bank, May 2003.

18 Launched in 1991, the EU TACIS Programme provides financed technical assistance to 13 countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Mongolia, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan), and mainly aims at enhancing the transition process in these countries

19 European Commission report on ‘Millennium Development Goals 2000-2004’, p.27.

20 Progress toward fulfilling the MDGs in Central Europe: Initial findings’ - Millennium Development Goals Report – Sub-Regional Chapeau. See at

21 Albania (2002); Armenia (2001); Bosnia and Herzegovina (2003); Bulgaria (2003); Croatia (2004); Czech Republic (2004); Hungary (2004); Lithuania (2002); Poland (2002); Slovakia (2004); Slovenia (2004); and Ukraine (2003). Available at

22 However, five European countries already provide 0.7% or more of their income to aid and a further six have established plans and timetables to achieve the 0.7% target before 2015.

23 Commission Communication ‘Accelerating progress towards attaining the Millennium Development Goals – Financing for Development and Aid Effectiveness’, COM(2005)133 final, of 12 April 2005.

24 OCDE Statement to the Follow-up of the UN Millennium Declaration and Monterrey Consensus, C/MIN(2005)2, of 29 April 2005.

25 See at:

26 Document P6_TA-PROV(2005)0115, of 12 April 2005, at paragraph 34.

27 Id, at paragrah 64.

28 Recommendation 1668 (2004), on ‘Management of Water Resources in Europe’, at paragrah 8.

29 See at: