19 September 2005
The fight against harm to the environment in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea
Motion for a recommendation
presented by Mr Gardetto and others
This motion has not been discussed in the Assembly and commits only the members who have signed it
The Mediterranean and the Black Sea, semi-landlocked seas, are particularly sensitive to contamination. They are specifically exposed because they are used as overspill areas by all the waste waters networks belonging to the bordering countries and they are areas with an intense maritime traffic, mainly composed of ships carrying hydrocarbons.
Moreover, the shores of the Mediterranean and the Black Sea are covered by extensive urbanization and industrialisation, sometimes difficult to reconciliate with the preservation of marine medium, resources generated by it, quality of water, fauna and flora, and natural sites.
First of all, it seems necessary to make a diagnosis of the harm suffered by the environment, be it the sea itself or the shores.
Secondly, the question is raised about the future of the works already carried out by the Council of Europe bodies in this field (specifically Recommendations 1630, 1359, 1015, 1003, 946, 847, 626, 585 and Resolutions 1439, 1317, 1227, 1197, 1149, 1090, 659 and 674 of the Parliamentary Assembly), and the efficiency of existing legal and technical mechanisms for anticipating these harmful effects, for fighting against their consequences, especially in case of emergencies (such as hydrocarbon pollutions), and for giving compensation for the harm and costs.
Thirdly and finally, it is also necessary to make proposals for legal measures of all kind to improve prevention, fight against harm to the environment, more specifically the pollution, in particular in emergency situations, and compensation for damage suffered.
The study of those different points will have to be done from the national angle as well as from the international co-operation angle. It would be timely to draft all proposals for improving the efficiency of this co-operation, devoting particular attention to finding a way to associate the bordering countries of the Mediterranean and the Black Sea which are not members of the Council of Europe, especially in prevention and operational intervention.
This is the reason why the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe needs to study the harm to the environment in maritime zones and shores of the Mediterranean and the Black Sea, to propose all legal and other measures in favor of prevention, fight against proven harm to the environment in the Mediterranean-Black Sea sphere, compensation of damage caused, and to make all recommendations and to draft all resolutions which would prove useful.
Signed (see overleaf)
GARDETTO, Jean-Charles, Monaco, EPP/CD
BARTUMEU CASSANY, Jaume, Andorra, SOC
CEBECİ, Erol Aslan, Turkey, EPP/CD
GORIS, Stef, Belgium, ALDE
GROSS, Andreas, Switzerland, SOC
HOLOVATY, Serhiy, Ukraine, ALDE
HUSEYNOV, Rafael, Azerbaijan, ALDE
JASKIERNIA, Jerzy, Poland, SOC
JOVAŠEVIĆ, Ljubiša, Serbia and Montenegro, EPP/CD
PAPADIMITRIOU, Elsa, Greece, EPP/CD
POURGOURIDES, Christos, Cyprus, EPP/CD
Van den BRANDE, Luc, Belgium, EPP/CD
ŽIŽIĆ, Zoran, Serbia and Montenegro, SOC
1 SOC: Socialist Group
EPP/CD: Group of the European People’s Party
ALDE: Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
EDG: European Democratic Group
UEL: Group of the Unified European Left
NR: not registered in a group