20 July 1992
MOTION FOR A RECOMMENDATION
on refugees and asylum-seekers in Central and Eastern Europe
presented by Mr IWINSKI and others
1. Many of the Central and Eastern European countries are increasingly confronted with the problem of refugees and asylum-seekers arriving at their territories.
2. These refugee flows are largely a consequence of the political changes and ethnic conflicts that are taking place in certain Central and Eastern European countries. Especially the crisis in the former Yugoslavia has forced a large number of displaced persons to seek refuge in the neighbouring countries.
3. As the traditional receiving countries in Western Europe are imposing restrictions making it more difficult to be recognised as a refugee or an asylum-seeker, increasing numbers seek either for permanent or temporary refuge in Central and Eastern Europe.
4. Until very recently the Central and Eastern European countries were refugee sending countries. Consequently they lack the administrative and legal structures as well as practical experience for receiving refugees and asylum-seekers.
5. As the refugee flows towards some of the Central and Eastern European countries are likely to continue, appropriate structures and policies are urgently needed for coping with the problem.
6. The Assembly accordingly recommends that the Committee of Ministers:
i. set up co-operation programmes between member states with a view to sharing the experience of the countries with a long-standing experience in receiving refugees and asylum-seekers with those more recently confronted with this phenomenon;
ii. increase co-operation with those Central and Eastern European countries, from which refugees and asylum-seekers originate, with the aim of removing the reasons forcing people to leave their homes;
iii. draw up European instruments on the legal protection of refugees and asylum-seekers.
Signed: IWINSKI, FLUCKIGER, SKAUG, DE PUIG, ASTGEIRSDOTTIR, GASSNER, HALONEN, PAHTAS, PARISI, HACKLIN, DEMIRALP, PERSSON, SZELENYI.