Doc. 8108
4 May 1998

Withdrawal of Russian troops from the Republic of Moldova

Motion for a resolution

presented by Mr Nāstase and others

This motion has not been discussed in the Assembly and commits only the members who have signed it

1.       The Assembly notes with deep concern that the bilateral Agreement between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Moldova of 21 October 1994 to withdrawal all Russian forces and munitions from Moldova is still far from being implemented.

2.       The Assembly notes that the Moldovan authorities have fulfilled promptly the necessary internal procedures for bringing into force the Agreement and that the main reason for the delay is lack of co-operation on the side of the Russian Duma towards the ratification of the Agreement.

3.       The Assembly recalls that the Russian Federation entered into several commitments upon accession to the Council of Europe and, inter alia, that the Russian Federation intended, “to ratify, in a period of six months after the accession of Russia to the Council of Europe, the Agreement of 21 October 1994 between the Russian and Moldovan Governments and to continue the withdrawal of the 14th Army and its equipment from the territory of Moldova, within a time-limit of three years from the date of signature of the Agreement.”

4       The Assembly,

i.       reaffirming that the presence of foreign military forces on the territory of a sovereign state without the consent of its Government is inconsistent with the principles and purposes of the UN Charter and Helsinki Final Act,

ii.       recalling the OSCE documents adopted by the Budapest 1994 Summit, the Lisbon 1996 Summit and the Copenhagen 1997 Ministerial Council, which expressed concern over the lack of progress in implementing the Moldo-Russian Agreement of 21 October 1994 and called for the early entry into force of this Agreement, thus permitting an orderly and complete withdrawal of Russian troops from the territory of the Republic of Moldova;

iii.       convinced that the implementation of the Moldo-Russian Agreement of 21 October 1994 will consolidate security and enhance stability, respect for human rights and continued democratic evolution in this part of Europe, will promote good-neighbourly relations and constructive co-operation in the region, and would be a significant contribution to the final settlement of the problems in the eastern part of Moldova (Transnistria),

iv.       observing that the six month time-limit for ratification after the accession of Russia to the Council of Europe and the three year time-limit for implementation from the date of signature of the Agreement, as outlined in PACE Opinion No. 193 (1996), were not respected by the Russian Federation,

      Calls on the Russian authorities to honour the obligations undertaken upon accession to the Council of Europe to ratify the Agreement of 21 October 1994 between the Russian and Moldovan Governments and to withdraw Russian troops and munitions from the territory of the Republic of Moldova.

5.       The Assembly appeals to the member states of the Council of Europe, international and European organisations to follow closely the implementation of the Moldo-Russian Agreement of 21 October 1994 and to remain actively engaged in observing the complete and orderly withdrawal of the Russian troops and munitions from the territory of the Republic of Moldova.

Signed : 1

Nastāse, Romania, SOC

Clerfayt, Belgium, LDR

Columberg, Switzerland, EPP/CD

Dinįer, Turkey, SOC

Gelderblom-Lankhout, Netherlands, LDR

Glavan, Romania, SOC

Gylys, Lithuania, SOC

Jansson, Finland, LDR

Kirkhill, United Kingdom, SOC

Lazarescu, Romania, LDR

Lopez-Henares, Spain, EPP/CD

Lupu, Romania, EPP/CD

McNamara, United Kingdom, SOC

Paslaru, Romania, SOC

Schluckebier, Germany, SOC

Schwimmer, Austria, EPP/CD

Sincai, Romania, SOC

Stanoiu, Romania, SOC