Doc. 8393

26 April 1999

Crisis in Kosovo and situation in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

Report

Political Affairs Committee

Rapporteurs : Mr András Bársony, Hungary, Socialist Group and

Mr Peter Bloetzer, Switzerland, Group of the European People’s Party

Summary:

When the talks in Rambouillet and Paris on the status of Kosovo failed to reach a diplomatic solution, the Atlantic Alliance, which had clearly threatened the Yugoslav authorities with airstrikes if they persisted in their policy of confrontation with the international community, launched Operation « Allied Force » against Yugoslavia. Since the airstrikes started, the humanitarian and economic situation in the whole Balkans area has seriously worsened. The deportation and massacre of the Albanian population of Kosovo have continued, while countries neighbouring Yugoslavia are also suffering the consequences of the war. Despite the destruction inflicted on it and despite diplomatic pressures, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia has continued to defy the international community. Initiatives for peace in Kosovo have been put forward with a view to achieving stability and democracy in the FRY. While NATO was preparing to celebrate its 50th anniversary, the procedure for a peace settlement had still not been resolved.

I.        Draft recommendation

1.       The Assembly reiterates its Recommendations 1384 (1998), 1397 (1999), 1400 (1999) and Resolution 1182 (1999) on the crisis in Kosovo and the situation in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY).

2. It recalls that the provisions of UN Security Council Resolutions 1160 (1998), 1199 (1998) and 1203 (1998) and the principles of the Rambouillet Interim Agreement are the basis for a solution to the crisis in Kosovo.

3.       The Assembly reiterates its regret that, due to the uncompromising attitude of the Serb and Yugoslav authorities and the inability of the United Nations Security Council to force them to abide by its relevant Resolutions, diplomacy could not put an end to the criminal policy of President Milosevic and resort to force became inevitable.

4.       The Assembly recalls that the NATO decision to take limited military action against FRY was aimed at preventing the already existing human tragedy in Kosovo from worsening and to bring the FRY authorities to sign the Rambouillet Interim Agreement.

5.        So far the military action taken by NATO has not succeeded in stopping the humanitarian tragedy in the region. Since the beginning of the air strikes, the Serb authorities have accelerated ethnic cleansing of Kosovo and increased the risk of spill-over of the crisis into neighbouring countries and of a long war that will destabilise the southern Balkan region even further.

6.       The Assembly strongly condemns the policy of systematic ethnic cleansing carried out by the Yugoslav military and Serb paramilitary forces in Kosovo which has led to the destruction of whole villages, the killing of innocent civilians and the expulsion of hundreds of thousands of persons to neighbouring countries.

7.       The Assembly holds President Milosevic, the Yugoslav and the Serb leadership responsible for these crimes against humanity.

8.       It demands that those responsible for these criminal acts be brought before the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY). The governments possessing evidence of criminal acts should immediately hand it over to the ICTY.

9. The Assembly recalls that only democratic reforms implemented throughout the FRY and the functioning of a democratic political system, the rule of law and the protection of human rights, including the rights of persons belonging to national minorities, can open the way for gradual and conditional integration of the country into the international community.

10. The position of the Government of Montenegro in the current conflict and its will to continue the democratic reforms despite the threats by the Serbian authorities should enjoy the full support of the international community.

11. The initiatives taken by the United Nations Secretary General and the European Union in seeking to solve the conflict by diplomatic means deserve the Assembly’s full support.

12.       The Assembly expresses the hope that the peace initiatives undertaken by the Russian authorities will result in an acceptable political solution to the conflict.

13.       The Assembly demands that the Council of Europe, as a pan-European organisation, which according to its statute aims to protect human rights, including the rights of persons belonging to national minorities, pluralistic democracy and the rule of law, should play a more active role in finding a political solution to the crisis.

14.       The Assembly notes the lack of unanimity between the Council of Europe member States on the use of force in the search for a solution to the conflict.

15.       Therefore, the Assembly recommends that the Committee of Ministers:

i. make full use of its pan-European nature in order to narrow the gap between its member States on the ways to end the conflict;

ii.       ensure that the Council of Europe make available its experience and its resources in its fields of competence in all international efforts to solve the crisis and to overcome its consequences and be associated in negotiations on the future political status of Kosovo ;

iii. decide at its next meeting in Budapest to allocate, as an exceptional measure, the unspent balance of the 1998 budget to finance specific activities aimed at assisting refugees and facilitating their return;

iv. urgently adopt a global long-term stability programme for the Balkan region;

v. involve the Council of Europe in programmes for reconstruction of the war torn region, in particular by jointly organising with the EU and OSCE and the financial institutions, such as the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the International Monetary Fund, and the World Bank, a conference including all countries in the region;

vi.       express its support to the Government and the people of Montenegro in their efforts to stay out of the crisis and in building democratic institutions;

vii.       open a Council of Europe Secretariat office in “the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” in order to help that country overcome the difficulties it is facing due to the conflict in Kosovo;

viii. revise the mandate of the Council of Europe Secretariat office in Albania in order to allow its participation in humanitarian activities, as well as in building of democratic institutions in Kosovo ;

ix. urge the Serb and Yugoslav authorities:

II. Explanatory memorandum by MM. Bársony and Bloetzer

Chronology of events from 6 February to 23 April 1999

February 1999

6.        Negotiations opened in Rambouillet (France), convened by the Contact Group with a view to reaching an interim agreement on “substantial autonomy” for Kosovo. Both Serbs and Kosovars accepted the plan in outline. Belgrade rejected the deployment of any international force in Kosovo and the Albanians adhered to their demand for a referendum on independence.

14.        The Americans, represented by Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, decided to put pressure on the Serbian and Kosovar representatives negotiating in Rambouillet, and threatened military intervention in Kosovo. British Prime Minister Tony Blair confirmed that he was willing to send British troops to Kosovo if the Serbs and Kosovars reached a peace agreement.

15.        Serbs and Kosovars were given a final six-day time limit for reaching agreement on Kosovo, following the first, unproductive week of talks in Rambouillet.

17. US Defence Secretary William Cohen ordered warplanes to be deployed within 48 hours in readiness for air strikes on Yugoslavia. The Russian Foreign Affairs Minister, Igor Ivanov, said that Russia would consider sending troops to Kosovo if asked to do so by Belgrade. A number of experts and politicians in Belgrade expressed the view that Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic had no option but to accept the international community’s proposals. Despite a lighting visit to Belgrade by American mediator Ambassador Christopher Hill on 16 February, President Milosevic rejected any international military presence in Kosovo in the event of the Rambouillet talks producing an agreement.

18.        The West intensified its pressure on President Milosevic, now facing the threat of air strikes.

19.        Western countries rely on their military power to maintain peace efforts in Kosovo set up in Rambouillet, against the determination of Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic. Milosevic declared that Yugoslavia would not give up Kosovo, even under threat of bombing, nor would it accept the foreign occupation of that part of its territory.

21.        The Contact Group extended by 75 hours the deadline for the Serbian and Albanian sides to reach agreement on a peace plan for Kosovo, thus giving them until 3 pm on Tuesday 23 February.

21-22.       American Secretary of State Madeleine Albright negotiated in person with the Kosovar Albanian representatives in Rambouillet.

23.        With two-and-a-half hours to go before the deadline in the negotiations, the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) proposed a two-week cease-fire to enable it to present a draft agreement to its activists. The deadline given to the Serbian and Kosovar negotiators expired without agreement on the Contact Group’s peace plan. The Contact Group issued a statement of conclusions on the Rambouillet conference. No agreement had in fact been reached, and the parties were to meet again on 15 March.

24.        The KLA decided to form a provisional government in Kosovo.

March 1999

2.        Adem Demaçi, political leader of the KLA’s hard-line faction, resigned.

12.        The Political Affairs Committee of the Council of Europe’s Parliamentary Assembly held a colloquium in Paris on the future political status of Kosovo. Delegates included party representatives from across the political spectrum in Yugoslavia, and the European Union’s negotiator in Rambouillet, Ambassador Wolfgang Petritsch, attended.

15.        The Kosovo peace talks resumed in Paris but Western countries were pessimistic about their chances of success and the Contact Group on former Yugoslavia, which sponsored them, intended to keep this round of negotiations brief. The Kosovar Albanian delegation at the Paris talks said that it was ready to sign the draft peace agreement drawn up by the international community. The European Union’s mediator, Ambassador Wolfgang Petritsch, said that the Serbian delegation at the talks was backtracking on certain points of the international draft agreement.

16.        The Albanian delegation accused the Serbs of trying to delay and stall the peace process.

17.        Continuing clashes in Kosovo between the KLA and Yugoslav forces. Reinforcement of the Yugoslav military build-up at the border with the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

18.        Albanian representatives signed the autonomy proposal for the province of Kosovo; the Serbs refused to sign. The Paris meeting was again adjourned to give the Serbs further time to think.

19.        The Serbian delegation announced a proposal to sign a multi-ethnic agreement on the self-government of Kosovo.

20.        The 1,400 or so OSCE Verification Mission members left Kosovo for the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Serb security forces and the Yugoslav army stepped up their operations against the KLA in the Drenica area.

21.        In Pristina, four Serb police officers died in the deadliest shootout to occur in the Kosovo capital since the beginning of the conflict.

22.        Two attacks on Albanian cafes in Pristina claimed two lives.

23.        Fighting continued in Kosovo for the fourth day in succession. Russian Prime Minister Yevgeny Primakov reasserted Russia's firm opposition to any NATO strike, and decided to postpone his trip to the United States until the last minute because of "imminent" NATO strikes. The American envoy Richard Holbrooke said that his talks in Belgrade with President Milosevic had achieved nothing.

24.        NATO attacks commenced as a direct result of Belgrade's refusal to sign the Kosovo peace agreements. Carried out in two separate raids, they hit forty or more sites near Belgrade. NATO gave an assurance of help to Yugoslavia's neighbours if it should threaten them. President Milosevic declared his country's continuing attachment to a peaceful settlement of the crisis.

25-26. Second NATO offensive, considered more severe.

27.        The Serbs reacted to the NATO strikes with repressive action against the Albanians by driving them from their homes.

28.        NATO announced that phase two of the "Allied Force" operation against Yugoslavia had commenced; it involved an intensification of raids on concentrations of troops and war material.

29.        The situation on the ground severely worsened as thousands of refugees flooded into Albania and Montenegro and "ethnic cleansing" operations proceeded in Kosovo on a hitherto unequalled scale.

30.        Negotiations between the Russian Prime Minister Yevgeny Primakov and the Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic ended in failure. NATO rejected out of hand the Yugoslav President's proposals conveyed by the Russian Prime Minister and expressed determination to continue the strikes. Slobodan Milosevic proposed in particular to "begin reducing" the presence of Serb forces in Kosovo if the NATO strikes stopped, an offer deemed "most unsatisfactory" by the Western countries. President Yeltsin gave an assurance that Russia would not be dragged into the Kosovo conflict, but condemned what he called NATO's attempts to take the place of the UN and the OSCE in imposing solutions in Europe by force.

31.        NATO accused the Serbs of firing on large numbers of refugees with heavy weapons and decided to step up the bombardments. Three American soldiers were posted missing in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. The flow of Kosovo Albanian refugees continued. According to one of its deputy Prime Ministers, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia was already sheltering over 22,000 refugees when it lacked the capability to take more than 20,000. Albania, the OSCE reported, already harboured over 100,000 Kosovars. President Chirac called for a meeting to be convened under the aegis of the German EU Presidency to help the refugees from Kosovo.

April 1999

1.        Meeting between Mr Milosevic and the Kosovar leader Ibrahim Rugova; pictures shown on Serb television. Javier Solana expressed doubts about Mr Rugova's freedom of movement. Serb television broadcast a picture of three men presented as captured American soldiers. NATO denounced this as a serious act, as the three were UN blue helmets who had been on border protection duty for the past three years. A meeting between the European Union Troika and the foreign ministers of the countries in the region, attended by the Council of Europe, took place at Petersberg (Germany).

2.        A Russian vessel, the Liman, sailed from Sevastopol for the Adriatic. The Yugoslav authorities announced that the case of the three American soldiers captured on 31 March in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia was under investigation. Mr Clinton reacted immediately by saying that he held Milosevic personally responsible for the safety of the three men.

3.        NATO ordered the dispatch of a force to Albania to ensure the delivery of humanitarian aid to the refugees. NATO declared that their return would not be possible without protection on the ground. NATO bombed central Belgrade for the first time, destroying the headquarters of the Serb and Yugoslav Interior Ministries.

4.        The French Minister for Co-operation, Charles Josselin, said that France would propose the setting up of a "Balkans Committee" to the International Monetary Fund for rendering assistance to the neighbouring countries taking in refugees from Kosovo. The American aircraft carrier "Theodore Roosevelt", bound for the Persian Gulf, was diverted to take part in operations against Yugoslavia. US President Clinton decided to deploy "Apache" helicopters in Kosovo to deal with Serbian tanks. Several international agencies including the Council of Europe met at NATO headquarters in Brussels to co-ordinate the humanitarian aid to be delivered to the refugees.

5.        NATO announced that the air strikes were being intensified and that resistance by the Kosovo Liberation Army was now confined to a few pockets in the west of the province. The evacuation of some Kosovar refugees to Turkey and Norway marked the beginning of an airlift for their removal. Since the commencement of the NATO strikes, as many as 400, 000 people had fled from Kosovo or were massed at its borders, according to an estimate by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

6.        Emma Bonnino, the EU Commissioner for humanitarian aid, expressed strong reservations about the transfer of refugees to countries not adjacent to Kosovo. The first groups of Kosovar refugees began to leave the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia for Turkey and Norway. Errors in the bombing of Aleksinac (south of Belgrade) cause deaths and injuries among the civilian population. Russian President Boris Yeltsin called the NATO raids on Belgrade "barbaric". Macedonia's Prime Minister Ljubco Georgievski expressed grave anxiety over the repercussions of the Kosovo crisis on his country. The President of Montenegro, Milo Djukanovic, called for a halt to the bombing and accused Slobodan Milosevic of pursuing a catastrophic policy to save his absolute power. The Yugoslav Government declared a unilateral cease-fire in Kosovo for the Orthodox Easter celebrations, dismissed as meaningless in a joint statement by the German, US, French, Italian and UK foreign ministers.

7.        NATO rejected as unsatisfactory the unilateral cease-fire offered by Belgrade and kept up its attacks. The huge Albanian refugee camp formed at the Macedonian border post of Blace was by this stage completely empty. The Yugoslav forces closed the Morina border crossing through which Kosovar refugees had been entering Albania since 27 March; Yugoslav servicemen had reportedly told refugees waiting there that they could go back home. The Contact Group on the former Yugoslavia met at the German Embassy in Brussels. There was mounting evidence of atrocities committed by the Serbs in Kosovo on a scale possibly exceeding the Bosnia massacres, according to American Defence Secretary William Cohen. He met with representatives of the 19 NATO member countries at the organisation's headquarters in Brussels.

8.        NATO commenced its third week of air strikes over the territory of Yugoslavia whose borders were closed, cutting off the flood of refugees. EU foreign ministers met in Luxembourg with their counterparts from countries bordering on Kosovo and with the representatives of international organisations including the Council of Europe. The European Union decided to give absolute priority to retention in situ of the refugees sheltering in the neighbouring countries, chiefly Albania and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. The European Union's foreign ministers adopted a joint statement referring to the NATO operation in Yugoslavia as necessary and justified and laying the entire blame on Slobodan Milosevic for its launch on 24 March.

9. Russian President Boris Yeltsin appealed to the Western countries not to force Russia into military action, and warned against the risks of a world war. France considered that Russia must be reckoned within seeking a solution for Kosovo. The Macedonian authorities continued evacuating Kosovar refugees to third countries, chiefly Germany, Turkey, Norway and Switzerland. NATO struck at Serb armoured columns in Kosovo. German foreign minister Joschka Fischer did not rule out the eventual dispatch by NATO of ground forces to Kosovo. Fighting broke out at the border between Albania and Yugoslavia. The Council of Europe decided by a unanimous vote of the Ministers' Deputies to implement emergency measures for aiding civilian victims, Serbs included, of the conflict in Kosovo. The Secretary General of the United Nations, Kofi Annan launched an appeal to the Yugloslav authorities for them to immediately cease their intimidation tactics and their expulsion of civilians, and to terminate all paramilitary and military activities in Kosovo, and withdraw their forces, and accept unconditionally the return of the refugees and all displaced persons to their homes, and that they accept the deployment of an international military force which would ensure the return of the refugees under safe conditions, and that humanitarian aid will be carried out freely, and allow the international community to ensure that these obligations are respected.

12. The Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the 19 countries of NATO met in Brussels to discuss the implementation of the operations, and evaluate the humanitarian situation and to find either a political and/or military solution to end the conflict, with the use of ground forces in Kosovo, with or without the consentment of the Yugoslav authorities. The Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the Alliance established 5 conditions for President Slobodan Milosevic to end the strikes:

13. The British Minister of Foreign Affairs, Robin Cook, reconfirmed that Russia is "welcome" to participate in a multinational force deployed in Kosovo, if there is a peace agreement, while at the same time reconfirming that in the case of Russian participation in a multinational force, NATO should make this the hard core. The Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Igor Ivanov and the American Secretary of State, Madeleine Albright met in Oslo (Norway) for the first time since the strikes against Yugoslavia in an attempt to calm the tension between the two countries after President Eltsine's threats. The two Ministers agreed to continue their diplomatic efforts to reach a diplomatic settlement, but did not agree on the form of an international military presence in Kosovo.

14. United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan met NATO Secretary General Javier Solana in Brussels, together with the Heads of State and Government of the European Union, in an extraordinary European Summit. The Union's Heads of State and Government supported the UN Secretary General's initiative for a political solution in Kosovo, expected to receive the approval of the United Nations Security Council. The terms of the initiative were an immediate end to all acts of violence, withdrawal from Kosovo of all Serbian military forces, special police and irregular units, deployment of an international force, and return of the refugees and all displaced persons. The plan was described as constructive by the State Department in Washington. The German Foreign Affairs Minister, during the EU summit, disclosed a peace plan for Kosovo giving UN Secretary General Kofi Annan a major role and involving Russia. One of the main points of the plan was that if the government of Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic began withdrawing military and paramilitary forces from Kosovo, NATO would suspend its air strikes for 24 hours. If Belgrade withdrew its forces within a specified time, the strikes could be halted. A transitional administration mandated by the UN, not a protectorate, would then be set up in Kosovo.

The peace plan prepared by Bonn envisaged a number of stages:

15. NATO admitted to having bombed civilian vehicles in Kosovo, plainly its worst blunder since the Allied Force Operation was launched. NATO Secretary General Javier Solana said that the Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic is responsible for this tragedy. The Yugoslav officials spoke of two refugee columns hit, with 75 dead and 26 seriously injured. According to a report by the Yugoslav authorities, NATO bombardments had taken a toll of a thousand civilian lives and many thousands of other casualties, the damage being estimated at 100 billion dollars. Since 24 March, NATO had showered Yugoslavia with over 1 500 missiles and 5 000 tonnes of explosives.

16. NATO Secretary General Javier Solana called on Russia to resume its co-operation with NATO and said that the military operation would continue in Yugoslavia for as long as President Slobodan Milosevic refused to accept the demands of the international community. Macedonian President Kiro Gligorov considered that the existence of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia was in danger, and again rejected any idea of his country serving as a base for ground operations by NATO against the Yugoslav forces. The members of the Russian Duma overwhelmingly passed a resolution in favour of Yugoslavia's accession to the Belarus-Russia Union. Serbian President Milan Milutinovic received the moderate leader of the Albanian Kosovars, Ibrahim Rugova; he and Mr Rugova regarded "an end to the bombardments" in Yugoslavia as "a condition failing which the political process could not be fully achieved".

18.        The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia was determined to prevent any KLA activity on its territory, according to its Interior Minister, who announced the seizure of large quantities of smuggled weapons in the country. The Pentagon announced that the specialised American Apache anti-tank helicopters would be deployed in Albania. The American State Department intended to ask Congress for a further 6 billion dollars to meet the general expenses arising from the conflict. French President Jacques Chirac suggested to Bill Clinton that a summit be organised in Washington at the end of the week between NATO and the countries neighbouring Yugoslavia, marking the 50th anniversary of the Alliance. Yugoslavia broke off diplomatic relations with Albania.

19.       NATO acknowledged that it had hit two convoys containing civilian vehicles on 14 April in the south-west of Kosovo. NATO forces were carrying out new air operations over Yugoslavia, and had hit the government building in Voďvodine.

20.       The Russian Foreign Minster, Igor Ivanov, held meetings with members of the contact group on Kosovo from the Organisation of Islamic Conference (OIC), which was meeting in Moscow; the Russian Minister planned to discuss the KLA's actions with the OIC, and added that the most important thing was to prevent this explosive situation being exploited by extremist organisations for their own purposes. The Minister spoke out against the Allies' plans for an oil blockade against Yugoslavia.

21.        The building housing the headquarters of President Slobadan Milosevic's Serbian Socialist Party was hit by NATO air forces. The American Defence Secretary, William Cohen, confirmed that NATO intended to continue its air campaign against Yugoslavia and was not at this stage reconsidering its options regarding the deployment of ground troops in Kosovo. The French Foreign Minister Hubert Védrine thought that it was not NATO's task to manage the post-war situation, and argued in favour of a common European strategy to "bring the Balkans into Europe"; with regard to Kosovo, the Minister called for a protectorate, which could be entrusted by the United Nations Security Council to the European Union, assisted by the OSCE. Yugoslavia was still intent on resolving the Kosovo crisis unaided through dialogue between the State and all ethnic communities living in Kosovo. Tension mounted in Montenegro where Yugoslav troops had set up a checkpoint at the border with Croatia.

22.       The United Kingdom expressed the view that any decision on deployment of ground troops should be taken in the North Atlantic Council, a body consisting of the 19 NATO members and normally meeting in Brussels. Shots were exchanged by Serbian forces and Albanian border guards. The Montenegro-Croatia border was functioning normally after its closure for two days by the Yugoslav army. The Yugoslav Prime Minister Mornir Bulatovic addressed an anti-NATO rally in Podgorica. The Turkish nationalist party, on the verge of assuming power, asked that Turkey be given a more active part in NATO action against Yugoslavia. The Russian special envoy to Yugoslavia, Viktor Chernomirdyn, had talks with President Slobodan Milosevic in an attempt to end the conflict between NATO and Yugoslavia over Kosovo.

23.       The Serbian state television headquarters was destroyed by NATO strikes but continued broadcasting. President Slobodan Milosevic made a peace offer allowing an international presence in Kosovo under United Nations auspices. US President Bill Clinton and UK Prime Minister Tony Blair rejected the offer and stipulated that all NATO demands must be met. The leaders of the 19 NATO member countries opened a summit in Washington on the war in Yugoslavia, at the same time marking the 50th anniversary of the Atlantic Alliance. The Allies commenced the summit in disagreement over the question of sending in ground troops.

Reporting committee : Political Affairs Committee

Reference to committee : Doc. 7553, 7734, 7986, Res. 1146 (98), Ref 2082, 2154, 2158, 2251, 2303, 2355 et 2370 (requests for urgent procedures), Rec. 1400.

Budgetary implications for the Assembly : None

Draft recommendation unanimously adopted by the committee on 26 April 1999.

Members of the committee : Mr Ruffy (Chairman), Mrs Ojuland (Vice-Chairperson), Mr Toshev (Vice-Chairman). MM Arzilli, Atkinson, Bársony, Behrendt, Bergqvist, Björck, Blaauw, Bloetzer, Bühler, Daly (alternate: Mr Browne), Davis (alternate: Mr Taylor), Demetriou, Dokle, Domljan, Dreyfus-Schmidt, Fico (alternate: Mr Weiss), Gjellerod, Gligoroski, Glotov, Gül (alternate: Mr Akçali), Mrs Iotti (alternate: Mr. Evangelisti), Mr Iwinski, Mrs Kautto, MM Kirilov, Krzaklewski, Kuzmickas, Mrs Lentz-Cornette), MM Lopez Henares, Lupu, van der Maelen, Maginas, Manchulenko, Martinez, Medeiros Ferreira, Meier, Micheloyiannis, Mota Amaral, Mutman, Nallet (alternate: Mr Baumel, Vice-Chairman), Nedelciuc, Mrs Nemkova, MM Neuwirth, Oliynyk, Pahor, Palmitjavila Ribo (alternate: Mr Bonet Casas), Prusak, Mrs Ragnarsdottir, MM Schieder, Schwimmer, Schlotten, Selva, Sinka, Mrs Smith (alternate: Mrs Fyfe), Mrs Stanoiu, Mrs Stepová, MM Surjan, Thoresen, Timmermans, Urbain (alternate: MrBeaufays), Vella, Volcic, Zhebrovsky.

N.B. The names of the members who took part in the vote are printed in italics

Secretaries of the committee: Mr Kleijssen, Mr Sich, Mrs Ruotanen