Doc. 9319

16 January 2002

Conflict in the Chechen Republic

Report

Political Affairs Committee

Rapporteur: Lord Judd, United Kingdom, Socialist Group

Summary

In its Resolution 1227 and Resolution 1240 the Assembly formulated requirements to the authorities of the Russian Federation with a view to putting an end to the conflict in the Chechen Republic. In accordance with Resolution 1240 (2001), a joint working group made up of members of the Parliamentary Assembly and the State Duma was formed and charged with keeping under constant review the progress made in the implementation of these requirements.

This report concludes that the general situation in the Chechen Republic has not improved enough to ensure the full enjoyment of human rights and rule of law by the population as a whole. However, positive changes of attitude are now identifiable in the Russian Federation concerning the way to deal with the conflict.

The report reaffirms that peace in the Chechen Republic can only be achieved through negotiations in which the widest possible representation of political and official elements in Chechen society must participate. It is imperative to intensify humanitarian assistance to those persons affected by the conflict as well as to promote the social and economic reconstruction of the Republic of Chechnya through more efficient and better financed measures.

The Joint Working Group should continue its work, in particular, to facilitate and provide support for the initiatives towards a political solution.

The report recommends that the Committee of Ministers should ensure a long term Council of Europe presence, in the form of an office, in the North Caucasian region, take measures to improve the humanitarian situation in the Chechen Republic and assist the authorities to establish a Council for the Protection of Human Rights in the Chechen Republic.

II.       Draft recommendation

The Parliamentary Assembly refers to its Resolution ... (2002) adopted on ... January 2002, and recommends that the Committee of Ministers:

1. immediately take the necessary steps to establish a long term Council of Europe presence and office in the North Caucasus region of the Russian Federation with the dual objectives of contributing to full respect for human rights and the rule of law in the Chechen Republic and also of extending the contribution by the Council of Europe to other spheres within its competence;

2. urgently include on its agenda the priority need for a substantial increase in humanitarian assistance to victims of the conflict in the Chechen Republic and for effective arrangements for the distribution of such assistance;

3. make immediate representations to its member governments for a speedy and generous response both to the humanitarian crisis and also to the challenge of economic and social reconstruction of the Chechen Republic;

4. assist the authorities of the Russian Federation in establishing without delay a Council for the Protection of Human Rights in the Chechen Republic to include the participation of representatives of the law enforcement agencies, the Prosecutor’s Office, the local Chechen authorities and national and international non-governmental organisations; and ensure meaningful and ongoing participation by the Council of Europe in this body.

III.       Explanatory memorandum by the Rapporteur

1.       In its Resolution 1227 (September 2000) and Resolution 1240 (January 2001), the Assembly set out requirements of the government of the Russian Federation aimed at stopping the armed conflict in the Chechen Republic and finding a political settlement, putting an end to the human rights violations, bringing to justice the authors of the crimes committed in the Chechen Republic and improving humanitarian situation of those affected by the conflict.

2.       In Resolution 1240 (2001) the Assembly decided to set up a Joint Working Group, comprised of representatives of the Parliamentary Assembly and of the State Duma (JWG), to keep under constant review the progress made on the Assembly’s recommendations as well as on the recommendations formulated by the State Duma following a hearing held in September 2000 in Moscow. (Please consult Appendix I for the list of members of the JWG)

3.       The JWG held seven meetings in 2001, including its latest mission to the Chechen Republic in December 2001. During 2001 the JWG presented reports on its activities to the Assembly at each part-session - the first two reports were appendices to the Bureau’s progress reports in April 2001 and June 2001, and the third was presented to the Assembly in September 2001 during a separate debate (Doc. 9227).

4.       Given the comprehensive reports throughout the year, I do not consider it appropriate in this report to cover again the period from January to September 2001. Therefore, this explanatory memorandum will deal with the latest two meetings of the JWG, i.e. the consultation with Chechen representatives held on 28 - 29 November 2001 in Strasbourg and the mission to the Chechen Republic and Moscow which took place on 2 - 6 December 2001.

5.       However, the draft resolution, which I am presenting to the Political Affairs Committee for adoption, is based on my evaluation of the developments in Chechnya and the North Caucasus region since the Assembly last voted on this issue in January 2001.

6.       I should like to express my appreciation to the members of the JWG, who participated actively in its work during past year. I realise that this required great effort and some personal sacrifice. But, I consider that those of us who have volunteered for membership of the JWG have to assume full responsibility for the task because human lives may depend directly on our work. Commitment to this job cannot be made in half-measures!

7.       I must also express my appreciation to the Secretary General of the Parliamentary Assembly, Mr Bruno Haller, who devoted an enormous amount of time and energy to the JWG. He was always available to provide help and advice. I should like, in particular, to thank him for the fair, efficient and sensitive way in which he chaired the two consultations on a political solution which were held in Strasbourg in September and November 2001. Warm tributes are indeed due to all those members of the Council of Europe Secretariat and of the staff of the Duma who provide generous, effective and very professional service to the JWG at all hours of day and night whether it be their essential work in Strasbourg or Moscow or on missions to Russia and the North Caucasus region. Sometimes this involves considerable personal sacrifice when called upon to travel at extremely short notice or to meet deadlines for the preparation of reports. It is heartening and altogether good to work with people of such commitment and calibre.

2.       Second JWG consultation on a political solution to the conflict in Chechnya (Strasbourg, 28-29 November 2001)

8.       This meeting was a follow-up to the first consultation with Chechen representatives, which took place on 21 - 22 September 2001 in Strasbourg. At the first meeting, the Chechen participants, in particular:

i.       agreed that everything possible must be done in order to stop the violence in Chechnya;

ii.       supported, in principle, the establishment of a public consultative body through which the people of Chechnya could freely formulate and express their opinions with regard to the situation in Chechnya and its future;

iii.       expressed their wish that the JWG should organise a second consultation before the end of the year 2001.

9.       Accordingly, the second consultation took place on 28 - 29 November 2001 in Strasbourg. As in September, an invitation was extended to those Chechens who were prepared to commit themselves to finding a peaceful solution to the conflict and to the renunciation of violence.

10.       The list of invitees and actual participants is appended (Appendix II). As happened at the first consultation held in September, Mr Maskhadov’s representatives, despite having received an invitation to the meeting, did not attend.

11.       The consultation took place immediately after a seminar organised by the Council of Europe Human Rights Commissioner on ‘the protection and respect for human rights as the basis for a democratic reconstruction of the Republic of Chechnya’, which was held on 26 and 27 November 2001.

12.       At the request of the two co-chairmen of the Joint Working Group, the Secretary General of the Parliamentary Assembly chaired the consultation. In his introductory statement, he underlined that justice must be the basis for peace and reconciliation and that guaranteeing respect for human rights was necessary to ensure real prospects for a political solution. Following his proposal, the participants in the consultation concentrated on:

i.       ways to stop the fighting in Chechnya, both by the federal forces and Chechen fighters;

ii.       setting-up of a broad-based consultative body, which was recommended by the Assembly in its Resolution 1240 (2001).

13.       After the consultation, the Secretary General of the Assembly described “the discussions as direct and frank, sometimes tense but always respectful.” He reported that “all participants agreed” that there was no military solution to the conflict and that a political solution must be found through the appropriate political steps and measures. It was also agreed that the cessation of hostilities was a key element to the success of the political process. An agreement was reached on the necessity of establishing a consultative body, which would be open to all representatives of Chechen society committed to a peaceful settlement of the conflict. This body would not be a State institution but a forum for dialogue and initiative. The modalities for setting up this body, its composition and its tasks were discussed by the participants.” I fully share the Secretary General’s evaluation.

14.       During the second day of the consultation, the Chechen participants decided to meet separately and they reached agreement on a memorandum, which is appended to this report (Appendix III). In this memorandum, they unanimously agreed that “there is no alternative to peace negotiations without preconditions” and decided, again unanimously, to establish “under the aegis of the JWG a broadly-based consultative Council, which includes representatives of all social groups, associations and representatives of the official bodies of Chechnya and Russia, for the purpose of developing recommendations and proposals pertaining first and foremost to the demilitarisation and to the establishment of the conditions for generally accepted democratic procedures.” A preparatory committee comprising 13 members, all Chechens, was set up to prepare the first meeting of this body between 15 and 20 December 2001 in Moscow. It is intended that the first session of the Council itself will take place at the beginning of the year 2002.

15.       The consultation has, I believe, contributed to initiating wider dialogue between Chechens of different political orientations and the memorandum which was approved represents a step towards a political solution. I hope the Assembly will support the proposals contained in this memorandum and ask the highest Russian authorities to give their support to the proposed consultative Council.

16.       A principal task for this Council should be to prepare the way for holding democratic elections in the Chechen Republic as soon as possible.

17.       I am convinced that peace in the Chechen Republic can only be achieved through negotiations in which the broadest possible cross-section of political and official elements in Chechen society participate. Representatives of all those who renounce violence should be involved in this process. I firmly believe that finding a viable lasting solution is not only a matter of talking to the people who have so far been willing to participate in consultations. The participation of Mr Maskhadov, last elected President of Chechnya, in the process would enhance the chance of success. Therefore, I hope that Mr Maskhadov will authorise his representatives to participate in the work of the consultative Council.

3.       Mission by the JWG to the Chechen Republic and Moscow (2 - 6 December 2001)

18.       As part of a mission by the JWG, I visited the Chechen Republic and Moscow from 2 to 6 December 2001. The programme of the mission is annexed to this report in Appendix IV. From the Assembly, members of the mission were Mr Bindig (Germany, SOC), Rapporteur for the Committee on Legal Affairs and Human Rights, Mrs Lara Ragnarsdottir (Iceland, EDG), member of the Political Affairs Committee and Chairperson of the Social, Health and Family Affairs Committee, Mr Mats Einarsson (Sweden, UEL), Vice-chairman of the Committee on Migration, Refugee and Demography.

19.       The Russian members of the JWG, who participated in the mission were Mr Dmitry Rogozin (Russia, EDG), co-chairman of the JWG, Mr Leonid Slutsky (Russia, SOC) and Mr Nikolai Shaklein, member of the Russian delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly. Mr Eduard Vorobiev, Deputy Chair of the Duma’s Defence Committee (Union of Right Forces) joined us for several meetings in Moscow. Mr Aslambek Aslakhanov, Deputy of the State Duma, also accompanied the mission in Chechnya.

20.       I would like to thank the State Duma and all the other institutions and officials who contributed to the organisation of this mission. Due to adverse weather the mission was compelled to shorten its programme in Grozny and, unfortunately, was also unable to visit Ingushetia.

a.       general situation

21.       The security situation in the Chechen Republic remains difficult and attacks on the federal and police forces are frequent.

22.       In response, “anti-terrorist” or “special” operations are increasingly being carried out to target individuals suspected of supporting or participating in terrorist activities. As a result of these operations, complaints and reports concerning missing people, ill treatment and arbitrary killings continue to be received.

23.       These operations are supposedly carried out in accordance with Decree no. 46 of the Prosecutor General issued in July 2001. Following this Decree, the Prosecutor of Chechnya, together with the Military Prosecutor of the Northern Caucasus Military District and the Federal Commander in Chechnya issued a Joint Directive that regulates the interaction of military and civilian prosecutors with the federal forces during mop-up operations. It requires the presence of a prosecutor and a representative of the local civilian administration during these operations.

24.       However, following a mop-up operation at the University of Grozny carried-out on 12 November 2001, staff and students accused the military, which conducted the operation, of serious human rights violations by unidentified armed forces wearing black masks. Neither representatives of the prosecutor nor of the civilian authorities were present nor had the University authorities been informed beforehand.

25.       The Rector of the University confirmed to our mission that violations of human rights by the federal forces and illegal detentions had indeed been reported. The cases had been submitted to the Prosecutor’s office and were currently under investigation.

26.       We were told that since spring 2001, the Prosecutor’s office had started seriously to address the problem of unmarked army vehicles. A significant decrease in the number of these vehicles has been reported by the Chechen administration and by the military as well as by the Council of Europe experts in Mr Kalamanov’s office. At present, it is said to be rare to see military vehicles with irregular identification.

27.       The Chechen administration has evidently proposed that Chechen conscripts should carry out their military service in their own communities, serve unarmed in the troops of various Chechen Ministries and participate in reconstruction efforts or in public utility work. We were told that the military authorities had accepted these proposals.

28.       The transfer of power from the federal police departments (“provisional”) to the local Chechen departments (“permanent”) which is underway in several districts is scheduled to be completed by the end of January 2002.

29.       The police forces in the Republic increasingly incorporate ethnic Chechens. It should be stressed that the new Police Chief of the Chechen Republic, Mr Said Peshkhoev, was appointed on 26 November 2001. The appointment of a Chechen to this highest-ranking police post may be a sign of growing confidence on the part of the federal authorities and hopefully may contribute to the police force becoming more acceptable and efficient.

30.       Council of Europe experts have certainly witnessed the presence of Chechen policemen participating actively in controlling the traffic at the checkpoints in Grozny.

b.       human rights

31.       The human rights situation in Chechnya is closely followed by the Committee on Legal Affairs and Human Rights. Therefore, more detailed information on this issue may be found in the Opinion to be prepared by Mr Rudolf Bindig.

32.       Significantly, the Deputy General Prosecutor was not able to give us precise information on the progress of investigations into the alleged mass killings in Alkhan-Yurt, Staropromyslovski and Aldi. The first case is still under investigation and the two others have been suspended. Regrettably, the mission was not able to obtain any further explanations.

33.       At our meeting with the Deputy General Prosecutor I was extremely disappointed that he could not give any information on the status of the criminal cases opened by the Prosecutor’s office concerning alleged crimes against civilians committed by the armed and special police forces, as detailed in the list provided to the Assembly last April. Following our formal and very firm request, we received updated information one week after our mission.

34.       According to the information provided by the Prosecutor’s office, between May and December 2001, 102 cases were brought before the Prosecutor’s office. The investigations were completed in 17 cases: one case led to a conviction, court proceedings are still ongoing for 13 cases and 3 cases have been closed. 15 cases were sent to military prosecutors, 48 cases were suspended and 25 cases are still under investigation.

35.       The Deputy Military Prosecutor claimed that the Office of the Military Prosecutor has done much to restore the rule of law in the Republic of Chechnya. By early December, the military Prosecutor’s office had opened criminal investigations in 110 cases (compared with 36 in the year 2000) concerning alleged crimes against the civilian population by servicemen. 60 investigations had been completed, out of which 37 cases were sent to the Court (involving crimes by 42 people).1

36.       So far, military courts have convicted 18 servicemen, including 2 officers, for crimes against civilians.

37.       We were told that access by the general public to the prosecutor’s offices in Chechnya has improved. One day a week the Prosecutor of Chechnya and the military prosecutor receive applicants in Grozny.

38.       In the case of Mr Ruslan Alikhodjzhiyev, former Speaker of the Chechen Parliament, the General Prosecutor of the Chechen Republic informed us that no progress regarding the investigation has been made and that the location of Mr Alikhodjzhiyev remains unknown.

39.       However, the work of the Office of Mr Kalamanov, with the involvement of the three experts of the Council of Europe, does demonstrate tangible results:

i.       a list of 1,118 missing people has been completed: 210 people were located in detention, of whom 182 were granted amnesty and released, and 31 were found dead2;

ii.       22,027 consultations have been registered. It should be noted that the term “consultations” refers to the total number of citizens seeking assistance from the head office in Znamenskoye and the branch offices. Out of this total number of consultations, 7,138 resulted in formal applications or complaints being lodged. 59 people were released from detention following intervention by the Office and 191 amnesties were granted following a request by the Office.3

40.       Mr Kalamanov expressed his satisfaction with what he described as closer cooperation between the Chechen government and administration and his Office. He mentioned, in particular, the work of the prosecutor’s Joint Working Group. That group was created on 26 March 2001 and includes members of the Special Representative’s Office, the Council of Europe experts, officials from the General Prosecutor’s Office of the Russian Federation and the Prosecutor’s Office of the Chechen Republic. Nine meetings have been held to date, including four sessions in Grozny attended by the Chechen Republic’s leaders and senior officials from ministries and departments, as well as representatives of the civil society.

41.       Mr Kalamanov has proposed the creation of a Council for the Protection of Human Rights. He assured us that he had received the support of President Putin for the official establishment of this body by a decree. The Council would include representatives of the law-enforcement agencies, the Prosecutor’s Office, the local Chechen authorities and NGO’s (Chechen as well as other NGOs dealing with Chechnya), and could meet once a month in order to compile a list of the human rights problems in the Chechen Republic. I understand that “Memorial” (a leading Russian NGO) is among the key supporters of this project.

42.       I very much encouraged this initiative and believe that it is of utmost importance that civil society, not least through NGOs, takes an active part in the work of Chechen and federal institutions.

c.       Social and economic situation

43.       The Federal Government has adopted a comprehensive plan for the social and economic reconstruction of the Chechen Republic. Mr Kadirov, Head of the Chechen Administration, explained that the programme provided for all areas of concern related to the reconstruction of the Republic. He told us that the displaced persons’ allowance is being paid regularly and we heard that the delay in payment of pensions would have been eliminated by the end of the year. In this context, Mr Kalamanov told the mission that his office no longer receives complaints regarding the non-payment of social benefits.

44.       The Administration evidently planned to draft a list of the unemployed by the middle of December in order to pay them unemployment benefits.

45.       We were told that 70% of the territory was now covered by the 1st and 2nd channels of the State TV and that the telephone network was due to be restored by the end of the year.

d.       Humanitarian situation

46.       The humanitarian situation in Chechnya is monitored by the Committee on Migration, Refugees and Demography. Therefore, more detailed information will be contained in the report to be prepared by Mr Tadeusz Iwinski, Rapporteur of that Committee.

47.       The mission visited the “Severny” camp for internally displaced people in Znamenskoye. The conditions in which the displaced people were living at the beginning of winter was already deeply disturbing. Tents were leaking, food was inadequate, medicine was in short supply and medical check-ups were rare. Children had insufficient clothing in which to go to school. Without exception everybody with whom we talked wanted to go home. But this still seemed to them impossible because of the state of their homes and the state of the security situation. In addition, the absence of economic prospects, and widespread unemployment, are also factors discouraging displaced people from returning home.

48.       During our mission to Znamenskoye, the Head of the Chechen Administration told Mr Kalamanov that, within two months, houses in Grozny should be restored to their owners, displaced people should be resettled and the camps removed. I just hope that this was a realistic statement, which will be followed by action. But, I take this opportunity to underline that no returns should ever take place at the expense of people’s security.

49.       A Letter of Understanding regarding humanitarian action in Chechnya was signed on 31 October 2001 by the Government of the Chechen Republic and representatives of the United Nations and humanitarian NGOs. This document stipulates that the government will issue passes for humanitarian workers, granting access to Chechnya and guaranteeing freedom of movement within its territory. The passes are intended to be valid for not less than three months.

4.       Conclusions

50.       Only a political solution to the conflict will create the essential durable conditions for ensuring full respect for human rights, for solving the problems of refugees and displaced people and for the success of economic reconstruction. In the absence of a political solution, all remedies, however important in themselves, can only bring ameliorative and temporary relief.

51.       Serious human rights violations are still reported in Chechnya. According to the information which we received I consider that the slow rate of progress in the judicial proceedings against members of the federal forces suspected of crimes against civilians is still unacceptable. The lack of progress regarding the investigations into the most serious crimes, in particular the cases of alleged mass killings, is especially disturbing.

52.       Substantial and convincing progress must be achieved in this field. Unless full respect for human rights is ensured in the Chechen Republic and the authors of the crimes are brought to justice the chances of Chechen people accepting a political settlement are very limited.

53.       The humanitarian situation of the people affected by the conflict, in particular those living in camps, remains distressing. The Russian authorities must take immediate action. Other European countries and international humanitarian agencies must also immediately and substantially increase their humanitarian assistance to alleviate the plight of these people.

54.       More convincing results are also badly needed in economic and social reconstruction. The faltering economy discourages the return of displaced people, stimulates further emigration and accentuates a dependency on assistance amongst those who stay. It provokes a breeding-ground for terrorist recruits. At the same time, the Russian authorities must introduce measures to eradicate corruption and embezzlement which are pervasive. Corruption sabotages economic recovery.

55.       To conclude, I consider that the general situation in the Chechen Republic has not yet improved enough to guarantee respect for human rights and the rule of law. Where any progress has been made this is the result of positive changes of attitude amongst some in the Russian Federation regarding the way to deal with the conflict.

56.       The work of the JWG and of the Council of Europe Human Rights Commissioner and the presence of the our experts in Znamenskoye means that the Council of Europe is one of the very few international fora where progress can be monitored, criticism expressed and where politically meaningful and practical discussions on a political solution can take place.

57.       The results of all this work are still limited. But I believe that even these limited results do bring at least some benefits to the people in the Chechen Republic and begin to indicate the way forward.

58.       The Assembly has repeatedly stated strongly its position on the conflict in Chechnya. We are now engaged in the slow and hard task of trying to transform that position into reality. In the framework of the Council of Europe, with the Russian Federation as one of its member States, this work can only be carried out in co-operation with the Russian authorities.

59.       When the Assembly decided on the enlargement of the Council of Europe it was aware that some new member States still needed time and assistance to comply fully with the Council of Europe’s standards. Only a lack of willingness on behalf of a country to admit existing problems and to accept the Council of Europe’s assistance in solving them would I believe justify sanctions as a very last resort. I am personally convinced that renewed sanctions against Russia would represent a failure by us to exert effective persuasion through co-operation and dialogue and a failure by us to assist and strengthen the work and influence of those within Russia who share our concerns and objectives. Either we believe in, and are committed to, the cause and effectiveness of political dialogue as the means for change or we are not!

60.       It is only through exerting continual political pressure for positive change and through practical assistance that further improvements can take place in the Chechen Republic. But the primary responsibility to end the conflict and to build peace does not lie with the Council of Europe – it lies with the people of Russia and Chechnya.

61.       I suggest that the JWG has succeeded in maintaining useful pressure on the Russian authorities and that it must now concentrate its work on facilitating and supporting the initiative for a political solution as agreed by the Chechens at the second consultation held in Strasbourg in November 2001.

Reporting committee : Political Affairs Committee

Reference to committee : Ref. No. 2470 (request for urgent procedure on 24.1.00), Res. 1201 (1999), Rec. 1444, Doc. 8631, Rec. 1456 (2000), Res. 1227 (2000), Rec. 1478 (2000), Res. 1240 (2001), Rec. 1498 (2001)

Draft resolution adopted unanimously and draft recommendation adopted with one abstention by the Committee on 10 January 2002

Members of the committee : Davis (Chairman), Jakic (Vice-Chairman) Baumel (Vice-Chairman), Toshev (Vice-Chairman), Adamia, Aliyev, Arzilli, Atkinson, Azzolini, Bakoyianni, Bársony, Behrendt, Berceanu, Bergqvist, Bianco (alternate: Manzella), Björck, Blaauw, Bühler, Cekuolis, Clerfayt, Daly, Demetriou, Diaz de Mera, Dreyfus-Schmidt (alternate: Lemoine), Durrieu,  Feric-Vac, Frey, Fyfe (alternate: Lord Judd), Gjellerod, Glesener, Gligoroski, Gönül, Gross (alternate: Fehr), Henry (alternate: Goris), Hornhues, Hovhannisyan, Hrebenciuc, Irtemçelik, Ivanenko, Iwinski, Karpov, Kautto, Lord Kilclooney of Armagh, Kotsonis, Krzaklewski, Loutfi, Martinez-Casan (alternate: Puche), Medeiros Ferreira (alternate: Dias), Mignon, Mota Amaral, Mutman, Naudi Mora, Neguta, Nemcova,  Ojuland, Oliynyk, Paegle, Prisacaru, Prusak, de Puig (alternate: Lopez Gonzalez), Ragnarsdottir, Ranieri, Rogozin, Schieder, Schloten, Spindelegger (alternate: Gatterer), Stepová, Surjan, Thoresen, Timmermans, Udovenko, Vakilov, Vella, Weiss, Wielowieyski, Wohlwend, Zacchera (alternate: Malgieri), Ziuganov (alternate: Slutsky).

N.B. The names of members who took part in the meeting are printed in italics

Secretaries of the committee : Mr Perin, Mrs Ruotanen, Mr Sich, Mr Adelsbach

APPENDIX I

List of participants of the

Joint Working Group on Chechnya

of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe

and the State Duma

The Parliamentary Assembly

Co-Chairman

Lord Judd       Political Affairs Committee (United Kingdom, SOC)

Rudolf BINDIG       Committee on Legal Affairs and Human Rights (Germany, SOC)

Mats EINARSSON       Vice-Chairman of the Committee on Migration, Refugees and Demography (Sweden, UEL)

Lilli NABHOLZ-HAIDEGGER       Committee on Legal Affairs and Human Rights (Switzerland, LDR)

Michael SPINDELEGGER       Committee on Legal Affairs and Human Rights (Austria, EPP/CD)

László SURJAN       Political Affairs Committee (Hungary, EPP/CD)

Lara Margret RAGNARSDOTTIR       Political Affairs Committee (Iceland, EDG)

The State Duma

Co-Chairman

Dmitry ROGOZIN,        Leader of the Russian delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly

Valentin NIKITIN,        Chair of the Duma’s Chechnya Committee, (Agro-industrial Faction)

Andrei NIKOLAEV       Chair of the Duma’s Defence Committee (People’s Deputies)

Eduard VOROBIEV       Deputy Chair of the Duma’s Defence Committee (Union of Right Forces)

Hapisat GAMZATOVA       Member of the Russian delegation to the Assembly, member of the Duma’s Chechnya Committee (Communist Party)

Nikolai KOVALEV       Member of the Russian delegation to the Assembly (Motherland - All Russia)

Ashot SARKISSIAN,        Member of the Duma’s Chechnya Committee (Unity),

Leonid SLUTSKY       Member of the Russian delegation to the Assembly (Liberal Democratic Party of Russia)

Nickolay SHAKLEIN       Member of the Russian delegation to the Assembly (Russian Regions)

Alexandr SHISHLOV       Member of the Russian delegation to the Assembly (Yabloko)

APPENDIX II

Joint Working Group on Chechnya

of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe

and the State Duma

List of participants of the

2nd consultation on a political solution to the conflict in chechnya

(Strasbourg, 28 - 29 November 2001)

The Parliamentary Assembly

Lord JUDD, Co-Chairman

Mrs Lara Margret RAGNARSDOTTIR

Mr Michael SPINDELEGGER

Mr Bruno HALLER, Secretary General of the Assembly

The State Duma

Mr Dimitry ROGOZIN, Co-Chairman

Mr Valentin NIKITIN

Mr Andrei NIKOLAEV

Mr Leonid SLUTSKY

Mr Aslambek ASLAKANOV, Deputy of the State Duma

Invited on the proposal of the Parliamentary Assembly Co-Chairman*

(The Names of those who participated in the meeting appear in bold)

Mr Masomed Isayitch ALKHAZUROV, Chairman of the “Rebirth of the Chechen Republican” Party

Mr Ruslan BADALOV, Chairman of the Movement “Chechen Committee to Save the Nation”, Chairman of the Chechen Olympic Committee

Mr Vaha BAJAEV, Chairman of the Association of Prisoners of Filtration Camps

Mrs Lipkan BASAYEVA, Chairperson of the Union of Women of Chechnya (Nazran, Ingushetia)

Mr Seilam BESHAEV, 1st Vice-Chairman of the Chechen Parliament

Mme Zainap GACHAEVA, President of the interregional movement for peace “Echo of the war”

Mr Akhiad IDIGOV, Chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee of the Chechen Parliament,

Mr Ali JOUNOUSOV,Chairman of the Association of Lawyer

Mr. Turpal-Ali KHASBULATOV, President of the Youth Movement for Peace in the Chechen Republic

Mr Ruslan KUTAEV, Chairman of the Association of the Russian-Chechen Friendship

Mme Madina MAGOMADOVA, President of the Association “Mothers of Chechnya”

Mr Said TEPS DENI, Chairman of the Congress of the Chechen Diaspora in Russia

Mr Mate TSIKHESACHVILI, Commission for the Search for missing persons

Mr Vagap TUTAKOV, Member of the Chechen Parliament

Mr Ali Chalidovich VISAEV, Chechen Businessman

Invited on the proposal of the Russian Co-Chairman**

(The Names of those who participated in the meeting appear in bold)

Mr Sherip U. ALIKHADZIEV, Chairman of the Council of Head of Administration of cities

and districts of the Chechen Republic

Mr Yavus Z. AKHMADOV, Professor (PhD in History)

Mr Ruslan A. AKHTAHANOV, President of the People’s Academy of the Chechen Republic

Mr Vaha Kh. DAKALOV, Member of the Coordination Council of the Chechen Cultural and Public Organizations, Deputy of Parliament of the Chechen Republic (1997)

Mr Taous DJABRAILOV, First Assistant of the Head of Administration of the Chechen Republic

Mr ZHABRAIL Zh GAKAEV, Chairman of the Coordination Council of the Chechen Cultural and Public Organisations

Mr Bislan S. GANTAMIROV, Senior Federal Inspector of the Southern Federal District

Mr Letcha M. ILIASOV, Director of the “LAM” Research Center

Mr. Ibragim U. ISRAILOV, Porfessor, Counselor of the Head of Administration of the Chechen Republic

Mr Akhmat KADYROV, Head of Chechen Administration

Mr Said-Khamzat M. NUNUEV, Deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the Chechen Republic (1996), Head of the Chechen Center on Culture of Peace and Non-Violence Republic (1994-1995), Academician

Mr Georgiy E. POGREBNOY, Ataman of Cossack communities in the Chechen Republic

Mr Khasani S. TAYMASKHANOV, Coordinator of the Consulting Council by the Head of Administration of the Chechen Republic

Mr Ziyaudin S. TERLOEV, Co-Chairman of the Union of Chechen Republic

Mr Shaid V. ZHAMALDAEV, Chairman of the Consultative Council of the Chechen Republic at the Administration of the Chechen Republic

Council of Europe

Mr Walter SCHWIMMER, Secretary General

Mr Alvaro GIL-ROBLES, Commissioner for Human Rights

APPENDIX III

Joint Working Group on Chechnya

of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe

and the State Duma

MEMORANDUM

approved by the Chechen participants

of the 2nd Consultation on a political solution

to the conflict in Chechnya

1.        There is no alternative to peace negotiations without preconditions.

2.        Those participating in the political process in Chechnya could include representatives of all socio-political forces, with the exception of persons having committed serious crimes against the people.

3.        The political fate of the people and the status of Chechnya are the prerogative of the Chechen people and not of a group of individuals.

4.        With a view to contributing to implementation of the peace initiative of the Russian President, V. Putin, of 24 September 2001, and to bringing about favourable conditions and stimulating the process of finding a political solution, to establish, under the aegis of the Duma – PACE JWG, a broadly-based consultative Council, including representatives of all social groups and associations, and of representatives of the official bodies of Chechnya and Russia, for the purpose of developing recommendations and proposals pertaining first and foremost to demilitarisation and to the establishment of conditions for generally accepted democratic procedures to take place on the territory of Chechnya.

APPENDIX IV

PROGRAMME

of the mission of the JWG mission to Moscow and North Caucasus

1-6 December 2001

Saturday 1 December

Sunday 2 December

16.00       Meeting of the JWG at the hotel

18.50       Departure from Moscow to Mineralnye Vody

20.50       Arrival in Mineralnye Vody

Monday 3 December

12.30       Departure to Grozny

14.45       Meeting with the officials of Administration, Government of the Chechen Republic, the Mayor of Grozny, the General Prosecutor of Chechnya, the Commander of the Federal Troops in Chechnya, the Rector of the university of Grozny

18.00       Departure from Grozny to Mineralnye Vody

20.00       Dinner, accommodation for the night

Tuesday 4 December

7.30       Breakfast

08.00       Departure to Znamenskoye

11.00       Visit to the Center of accommodation of the temporary displaced persons and of in Znamenskoye

14.15       Meeting with the Bureau of Mr. Kalamanov and CoE experts

16.00       Meeting with representatives of the Chechen community in Administration of Nadterechny region

18.00       Departure to Moscow

Wednesday 5 December

12.30-13.30       Lunch at the State Duma ("Gzel")

14.00       Meeting in the FSB

16.00       Meeting in the Prosecutor General's Office

18.00       Meeting with the Minister on Chechnya V.Elagin

Thursday 6 December

 

10.00       Joint press-conference of Co-chairmen JWG (premises of Interfax)

13.00       Departure of the JWG mission


1 Out of these 37 cases sent to court: 11 concerned murder, 1 for causing physical harm through negligence, 12 cases of theft, 5 traffic offences with military vehicles, 3 concerning unruly behaviour, 1 case of rape and 4 other crimes.

2 Data provided by Mr Kalamanov to the mission on 3 December. The data reflects the developments between 1 March 2000 and 1 December 2001. See also SG/Inf (2001) 41 Addendum II Supplementary Data and information on the work of the Office of the Special Representative of the President of the Russian Federation for ensuring Human Rights and Civil Rights and Freedoms in the Chechen Republic).

3 idem

*        NB       The titles are those given by the representatives themselves

*        NB       The titles are those given by the representatives themselves