Racism does not spare any part of society and the police is
no exception. Racism can be present in the attitudes or behaviour
of police officers, in their interaction with the population or
with other officers. It can also be found in rules and regulations
applied by the police, which would in that case qualify as institutional
racism. Among these, racial profiling is a special concern.
Council of Europe member States should have the courage to
acknowledge and address the existence of racism in the police. They
should set up independent complaints mechanisms and ensure that
racist crimes by police officers are promptly investigated and adequately
sanctioned, with a view to avoiding impunity, maintaining trust
in the police and encouraging reporting. Member States should also
review existing legislation and practices of the police with a view
to identifying and modifying those that might have a racist connotation.