Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of
the most commonly diagnosed childhood disorders worldwide. Ensuring
an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment of ADHD is essential
for affected children and their families, but remains a challenge.
The Council of Europe member States should address the risk
factors leading to misdiagnosis of ADHD, including by ensuring adequate
training of health-care professionals and full compliance with diagnostic procedures.
They should have a comprehensive approach to ADHD treatment, give
priority to behavioural interventions and academic support for children
with ADHD, and ensure that psycho-stimulants are used as a measure
of last resort, and always in combination with other treatments.
The Committee on Social Affairs, Health and Sustainable Development
further recommends carrying out and financing research on environmental
factors involved with ADHD, as well as on short- and long-term outcomes of
different treatment options, promoting the introduction of early
identification programmes and increasing awareness of ADHD.