Organ transplant tourism is one of the most lucrative illegal
activities worldwide, making it extremely difficult to eradicate.
While the number of transplants performed worldwide has been steadily
increasing, the need for transplants is also increasing. Demand
far outstrips supply.
The disparity between the need for and supply of organs prompts
some patients to try to purchase an illicitly-obtained organ. Despite
a solid legal framework at Council of Europe and international level,
organ transplant tourism subsists, including in Europe and in China.
The Assembly should thus recommend that member States:
sign, ratify and implement all
relevant global and Council of Europe Conventions and invite all
states interested in joining the fight to do likewise;
develop and improve existing transplant programmes;
develop and implement population-based prevention strategies
to prevent (and treat) organ failure;
improve transplant oversight through intergovernmental
efforts, in Europe and globally;
effectively combat trafficking in human beings for the
purpose of organ removal and trafficking in organs;
exercise particular caution when co-operating with the
China Organ Transplant Response System and the Red Cross Society